Orthodontics and esthetics of the face: from the "canons" of ancient times to contemporary pluralism. A critical review.

@article{IoannidouMarathiotou2008OrthodonticsAE,
  title={Orthodontics and esthetics of the face: from the "canons" of ancient times to contemporary pluralism. A critical review.},
  author={Ioulia Ioannidou-Marathiotou and Despoina A Papamanou and Moschos A. Papadopoulos},
  journal={Progress in orthodontics},
  year={2008},
  volume={9 2},
  pages={
          20-33
        }
}
Efforts to define facial esthetics and natural attraction using objective criteria go back in time. Nowadays, the abundance of available information, the evolution in our understanding, the intermeshing of the neurosciences and biology, as well as the potential of digital technology, have provided new elements for the objective definition of esthetics and shaped new perceptions and perspectives. The aim of this paper is to attempt a critical analysis from a clinical orthodontic perspective of… CONTINUE READING