Orphans in mediterranean antiquity and early Christianity

  title={Orphans in mediterranean antiquity and early Christianity},
  author={John T. Fitzgerald},
  journal={Acta Theologica},
This article provides an overview of the problem of orphans in the ancient Mediterranean world and identifies ways in which various societies acknowledged orphans’ plight and sought to address it. Part 1 gives the ancient definition of “orphan” as a “fatherless child” and statistical estimates for the percentage of children who had lost their father. Part 2 identifies five factors (inadequate public health care, low life expectancy, war deaths, death during childbirth, and differences in age at… Expand
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