Central administration of nociceptin/orphanin FQ blocks the acquisition of conditioned place preference to morphine and cocaine, but not conditioned place aversion to naloxone in mice
The effects induced by orphanin FQ (OFQ) on morphine-induced dopamine (DA), 3,4-dihydroxyphenilacetic acid (DOPAC) and homovanillic acid (HVA) release in the nucleus accumbens were studied in rats by using microdialysis with electrochemical detection. Morphine administered intraperitoneally (i.p., 2, 5 and 10 mg/kg) dose-dependently increased DA and metabolites release in the nucleus accumbens. OFQ intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) administered at doses of 2, 5 and 10 nmol did not change DA and metabolites release in the nucleus accumbens. OFQ (10 nmol) administered i.c.v. 15 min before morphine (5 and 10 mg/kg, i.p.) significantly reduced morphine-induced DA and metabolites release in the nucleus accumbens. These effects suggest that OFQ may regulate the stimulant action linked to morphine-induced DA release in the nucleus accumbens.