Oroxylin A attenuates cigarette smoke-induced lung inflammation by activating Nrf2.


Oroxylin A, a natural flavonoid isolated from the medicinal herb Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, has been reported to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. However, the effect of oroxylin A on cigarette smoke (CS)-induced lung inflammation remains unclear. In this study, the ability of oroxylin A to protect against CS-induced lung inflammation was detected in vivo and in vitro. Oroxylin A was administered intraperitoneally to mice 2h prior CS exposure every day for five consecutive days. BEAS-2B bronchial epithelial cells and RAW264.7 cells were used to investigate the molecular mechanism of oroxylin A in vitro. In vivo, the results showed that oroxylin A dose-dependently attenuated CS-induced lung histopathologic changes, expression of cytokines TNF-α, IL-1β, and MCP-1, and levels of oxidative biomarkers 3-nitrotyrosine and 8-isoprostane. Meanwhile, oroxylin A up-regulated GSH level and glutathione reductase (GR) activity in lung tissues. In vitro, oroxylin A significantly up-regulated Nrf2 expression and total cellular glutathione level in cigarette smoke extract (CSE)-stimulated cells. In addition, oroxylin A promoted Nrf2 binding to antioxidant response element (ARE) and up-regulated ARE-regulated gene such as heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), GPx, and GR in CSE-stimulated cells. Oroxylin A could protect both epithelial cells and macrophages from damage by cigarette smoke in vitro. Taken together, these data indicated that oroxylin A attenuated oxidative stress and lung inflammation induced by CS via activating Nrf2 signaling pathway. Oroxylin A may be a protective agent against CS-induced lung inflammation and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

DOI: 10.1016/j.intimp.2016.10.011


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@article{Li2016OroxylinAA, title={Oroxylin A attenuates cigarette smoke-induced lung inflammation by activating Nrf2.}, author={Jihe Li and Dongxia Tong and Juan Liu and Fuyang Chen and Yongbin Shen}, journal={International immunopharmacology}, year={2016}, volume={40}, pages={524-529} }