Oropharyngolaryngeal Disorders in Scleroderma: Development and Validation of the SLS Scale

  title={Oropharyngolaryngeal Disorders in Scleroderma: Development and Validation of the SLS Scale},
  author={Chiara Vitali and Elisa Borghi and Arianna Napoletano and Francesca Polini and Monica Caronni and Paola Ammenti and Davide Cattaneo},
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a multisystemic disorder characterized by functional and structural abnormalities of small blood vessels and fibrosis of the skin and internal organs. Eighty percent of subjects with SSc have orofacial manifestations. No tests for oral manifestations have been validated for this pathology, and in the literature there are few studies of speech therapy for subjects with SSc. These facts suggested the need for an exhaustive assessment of mouth mobility and muscle… CONTINUE READING
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