Origins of modern human ancestry.

  title={Origins of modern human ancestry.},
  author={Anders Bergstr{\"o}m and Chris B Stringer and Mateja Hajdinjak and Eleanor M. L. Scerri and Pontus Skoglund},
  volume={590 7845},
New finds in the palaeoanthropological and genomic records have changed our view of the origins of modern human ancestry. Here we review our current understanding of how the ancestry of modern humans around the globe can be traced into the deep past, and which ancestors it passes through during our journey back in time. We identify three key phases that are surrounded by major questions, and which will be at the frontiers of future research. The most recent phase comprises the worldwide… 

Midfacial Morphology and Neandertal–Modern Human Interbreeding

The results of canonical variates analysis and hierarchical cluster analysis suggest important affinities in facial morphology between both Middle and Upper Paleolithic early modern humans of the Near East with Neandertals, highlighting the importance of this region for interbreeding between the two lineages.

Merging morphological and genetic evidence to assess hybridization in Western Eurasian late Pleistocene hominins.

The degree to which cranial variation seen in the fossil record of late Pleistocene hominins from Western Eurasia corresponds with current genetic and comparative data is explored, and the findings indicate some correspondence between these different lines of evidence.

Insights into human history from the first decade of ancient human genomics

The continued development in the ancient DNA field has transformed the understanding of human genetic history and will keep uncovering the further mysteries of the authors' recent evolutionary past.

A new perspective on the origin of Homo sapiens

ABSTRACT In this paper, we critically review the current paradigm, which places the origin of Homo sapiens in Africa as the result of the evolution of a Middle Pleistocene species. In the African

A weakly structured stem for human origins in Africa

It is shown that model misspecification explains variation in previous divergence time estimates and argued that studying a suite of models is key to robust inferences about deep history.

Revisiting the demographic history of Central African populations from a genetic perspective

How technology and population genetic methods have advanced to give more detailed inferences about population structure, migrations, admixture patterns, timing of admixture, sex-biased admixtures, and inferences of selection and adaptive introgression in rainforest hunter-gatherers and other African populations is reviewed.

Mitogenomes Reveal Two Major Influxes of Papuan Ancestry across Wallacea Following the Last Glacial Maximum and Austronesian Contact

The results point to a surprisingly dynamic population history in Wallacea, marked by two periods of extensive demographic change concentrated around the Last Glacial Maximum ~15 ka and post-Austronesian contact ~3 ka.

African mitochondrial haplogroup L7: a 100,000-year-old maternal human lineage discovered through reassessment and new sequencing

It is found that L7 and its sister group L5 are both low-frequency relics centered around East Africa, but in different populations (L7: Sandawe; L5: Mbuti), and a regular re-estimation of the entire mtDNA haplotype tree is needed to ensure correct cladistic placement of new samples in the future.

Phylogeography of Sub-Saharan Mitochondrial Lineages Outside Africa Highlights the Roles of the Holocene Climate Changes and the Atlantic Slave Trade

Despite the importance of ancient DNA for understanding human prehistoric dispersals, poor survival means that data remain sparse for many areas in the tropics, including in Africa. In such

Modern human expansion from (southern?) Africa

Previous research favours the idea that modern humans spread worldwide from Africa. For instance, autosomal diversity falls as geographical distance from Africa rises, and, through autosomal



Ancient Genomics of Modern Humans: The First Decade.

New insights based on prehistoric modern human genomes are reviewed, including greatly increased resolution of the timing and structure of the out-of-Africa expansion, the diversification of present-day non-African populations, and the earliest expansions of those populations into Eurasia and America.

An early modern human from Romania with a recent Neanderthal ancestor

DNA from a 37,000–42,000-year-old modern human from Peştera cu Oase, Romania is analysed, finding that on the order of 6–9% of the genome of the Oase individual is derived from Neanderthals, more than any other modern human sequenced to date.

The dawn of human matrilineal diversity.

Higher Levels of Neanderthal Ancestry in East Asians than in Europeans

The results combined with those previously published show that a more complex model of admixture between Neanderthals and modern humans is necessary to account for the different levels of Neanderthal ancestry among human populations.

DNA analysis of an early modern human from Tianyuan Cave, China

The nuclear DNA sequences determined from this early modern human reveal that the Tianyuan individual derived from a population that was ancestral to many present-day Asians and Native Americans but postdated the divergence of Asians from Europeans.

Ancient Genomics and the Peopling of the Southwest Pacific

The finding that the ancient individuals had little to no Papuan ancestry implies that later human population movements spread Papuan Ancestry through the South Pacific after the first peopling of the islands.

Paleolithic DNA from the Caucasus reveals core of West Eurasian ancestry

It is shown that the Dzudzuana population contributed the majority of the ancestry of post-Ice Age people in the Near East, North Africa, and even parts of Europe, thereby becoming the largest single contributor of ancestry of all present-day West Eurasians.

Sequencing and Analysis of Neanderthal Genomic DNA

The characterization of Neanderthals from a new perspective is described, based on the development of a Neanderthal metagenomic library and its high-throughput sequencing and analysis, and the finding that the Neanderthal and human genomes are at least 99.5% identical is found.

Towards a theory of modern human origins: geography, demography, and diversity in recent human evolution.

It is argued that the Neanderthal and modern lineages share a common ancestor in an African population between 350,000 and 250,000 years ago rather than in the earlier Middle Pleistocene; this ancestral population, which developed mode 3 technology (Levallois/Middle Stone Age), dispersed across Africa and western Eurasia in a warmer period prior to independent evolution towards Neanderthals and modern humans in stage 6.