Origins of Agriculture at Kuk Swamp in the Highlands of New Guinea

  title={Origins of Agriculture at Kuk Swamp in the Highlands of New Guinea},
  author={Tim Denham and Simon Graeme Haberle and Carol J Lentfer and R. Fullagar and J. B. Field and Michel Th{\'e}rin and Nick Porch and Barbara Winsborough},
  pages={189 - 193}
Multidisciplinary investigations at Kuk Swamp in the Highlands of Papua New Guinea show that agriculture arose independently in New Guinea by at least 6950 to 6440 calibrated years before the present (cal yr B.P.). Plant exploitation and some cultivation occurred on the wetland margin at 10,220 to 9910 cal yr B.P. (phase 1), mounding cultivation began by 6950 to 6440 cal yr B.P. (phase 2), and ditched cultivation began by 4350 to 3980 cal yr B.P. (phase 3). Clearance of lower montane… 
Reading Early Agriculture at Kuk Swamp, Wahgi Valley, Papua New Guinea: the Archaeological Features (Phases 1–3)
Multi-disciplinary field investigations were undertaken in 1972–7 and 1998–9 at Kuk Swamp in the upper Wahgi Valley in the Highlands of Papua New Guinea. Multi-period finds dating from the early
Pleistocene occupation of New Guinea's highland and subalpine environments
Abstract New Guinea's mountains provide an important case study for understanding early modern human environmental adaptability and early developments leading to agriculture. Evidence is presented
Before Rice and the First Rice: Archaeobotanical Study in Ha Long Bay, Northern Vietnam
Mainland Southeast Asia experienced a long, sustained period of foraging economy before rice and millet farming spread into this area prior to 4,000 years BP. Although hundreds of individuals from
History of agriculture in Papua New Guinea
The history of agriculture in PNG is about 10 000 years old. This history is reviewed here in the context of 50 000 years of human occupation of the Australia – New Guinea region. 1 More is known
New evidence and revised interpretations of early agriculture in Highland New Guinea
This review of the evidence for early agriculture in New Guinea supported by new data from Kuk Swamp demonstrates that cultivation had begun there by at least 6950–6440 cal BP and probably much
Agricultural emergence and transformation in the Upper Wahgi valley, Papua New Guinea, during the Holocene: theory, method and practice
Practice-oriented interpretations clarify, interrogate and amplify existing multidisciplinary records of the past and shed new light on how the earliest agriculture was originated and transformed in the New Guinea highlands during the Holocene.
A 2300 yr record of sago and rice use from the southern Kelabit Highlands of Sarawak, Malaysian Borneo
Rice and sago are today important staples for many subsistence farmers and nomadic hunter-gatherers living in interior Borneo, but the cultural antiquity of these staples remains poorly understood.
Phytoliths and the evidence for banana cultivation at the Lapita Reber-Rakival Site on Watom Island, Papua New Guinea
Analysis of phytoliths in sediments from Kainapirina (SAC) locality in the Reber-Rakival Lapita site on Watom Island, East New Britain Province, Papua New Guinea, directly confirms and expands on the
Climatic Fluctuations and Early Farming in West and East Asia
This paper presents a Levantine model for the origins of cultivation of various wild plants as motivated by the vagaries of the climatic fluctuation of the Younger Dryas within the context of the


The development of Sahul agriculture with Australia as bystander
The distribution of food-plants—both potential and actually exploited — reflects the natural history of contact across the seas and through the region, often long before Pleistocene times. The later
Correlations Among Charcoal Records of Fires from the Past 16,000 Years in Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, and Central and South America
Abstract Microscopic charcoal preserved in lake and swamp sediments from 10 sites in Indonesia and Papua New Guinea and from 5 sites in Central and South America have been used to reconstruct
Biogeography and Ecology of New Guinea
  • J. Gressitt
  • Environmental Science
    Monographiae Biologicae
  • 1982
This book discusses New Guinea's flora and fauna, human ecology and cultural variation in prehistoric New Guinea, and man's impact on the environment.
The Origins and Spread of Agriculture and Pastoralism in Eurasia
Introduction, David Harris. Part 1 Thematic perspectives: growing plants and raising animals - an anthropological perspective on domestication, Tim Ingold ecology, evolutionary theory and
Biomolecular evidence for plant domestication in Sahul
  • V. Lebot
  • Biology
    Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution
  • 2004
Biomolecular markers reveal that for these crops at least, domestication has occurred in New Guinea and further east in Melanesia, and have obvious bearings on genetic resources programme strategies and future surveys.
Late Quaternary change in the mountains of New Guinea
At the south and north limits of our region are mountainous areas very different from the open arid spaces of the Australian continent between. In the north, the high country of New Guinea offers a
Direct evidence for human use of plants 28,000 years ago: starch residues on stone artefacts from the northern Solomon Islands
The excavation of Kilu Cave and the discovery of a Pleistocene prehistory for the Solomon Islands have already been reported in ANTIQUITY by Wickler & Spriggs (62: 703–6). Residue analysis of stone
Prehistory of the Indo-Malaysian Archipelago
The Environmental Background: Present and Past. Homo erectus in Sundaland. Indo-Malaysians of the Last 40000 Years. Recent Indo-Malaysian Prehistory: According to the Languages. The Patterns of
Evolution, consequences and future of plant and animal domestication
Domestication interests us as the most momentous change in Holocene human history, as farmers spread at the expense of hunter–gatherers and of other farmers.