Origins of Agriculture at Kuk Swamp in the Highlands of New Guinea

@article{Denham2003OriginsOA,
  title={Origins of Agriculture at Kuk Swamp in the Highlands of New Guinea},
  author={Tim Denham and Simon Graeme Haberle and Carol J Lentfer and R. Fullagar and J. B. Field and Michel Th{\'e}rin and Nick Porch and Barbara Winsborough},
  journal={Science},
  year={2003},
  volume={301},
  pages={189 - 193}
}
Multidisciplinary investigations at Kuk Swamp in the Highlands of Papua New Guinea show that agriculture arose independently in New Guinea by at least 6950 to 6440 calibrated years before the present (cal yr B.P.). Plant exploitation and some cultivation occurred on the wetland margin at 10,220 to 9910 cal yr B.P. (phase 1), mounding cultivation began by 6950 to 6440 cal yr B.P. (phase 2), and ditched cultivation began by 4350 to 3980 cal yr B.P. (phase 3). Clearance of lower montane… 
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