Origin of the West Nile virus responsible for an outbreak of encephalitis in the northeastern United States.

  title={Origin of the West Nile virus responsible for an outbreak of encephalitis in the northeastern United States.},
  author={Robert S. Lanciotti and John T. Roehrig and Vincent Deubel and J. F. Smith and Michael D. Parker and Keith E Steele and Bruce J. Crise and Kate E. Volpe and Mary B. Crabtree and J. H. Scherret and Roy A. Hall and John S. Mackenzie and C. Bruce Cropp and B. Panigrahy and Eileen Noel Ostlund and Beverly J. Schmitt and Mertyn Malkinson and Caroline Banet and J Weissman and Nicholas Komar and Harry M. Savage and Ward B. Stone and Tracey S McNamara and Duane J. Gubler},
  volume={286 5448},
In late summer 1999, an outbreak of human encephalitis occurred in the northeastern United States that was concurrent with extensive mortality in crows (Corvus species) as well as the deaths of several exotic birds at a zoological park in the same area. Complete genome sequencing of a flavivirus isolated from the brain of a dead Chilean flamingo (Phoenicopterus chilensis), together with partial sequence analysis of envelope glycoprotein (E-glycoprotein) genes amplified from several other… 
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