Origin of the Superflock of Cichlid Fishes from Lake Victoria, East Africa

@article{Verheyen2003OriginOT,
  title={Origin of the Superflock of Cichlid Fishes from Lake Victoria, East Africa},
  author={Erik Verheyen and Walter Salzburger and Jos Snoeks and Axel Meyer},
  journal={Science},
  year={2003},
  volume={300},
  pages={325 - 329}
}
Lake Victoria harbors a unique species-rich flock of more than 500 endemic haplochromine cichlid fishes. The origin, age, and mechanism of diversification of this extraordinary radiation are still debated. Geological evidence suggests that the lake dried out completely about 14,700 years ago. On the basis of phylogenetic analyses of almost 300 DNA sequences of the mitochondrial control region of East African cichlids, we find that the Lake Victoria cichlid flock is derived from the geologically… 

Response to Comment on "Origin of the Superflock of Cichlid Fishes from Lake Victoria, East Africa"

A haplotype analysis shows that the most recent desiccation of Lake Victoria did not lead to a complete extinction of its endemic cichlid fauna and that the major lineage diversification took place about 100,000 years ago.

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Geographical ancestry of Lake Malawi's cichlid fish diversity

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The Lake Tanganyika cichlid species assemblage: recent advances in molecular phylogenetics

An account of the taxonomy and phylogeny of the Lake Tanganyika cichlid species assemblage, its relationship to the African cichLid fauna, key factors leading to the astonishing diversity and recently proposed alternative age estimates are presented.

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It is shown that cichlid lineages colonizing rocky shores and pelagic habitats in the different lakes have independently evolved larger eggs and lower fecundities than benthic lineages, suggesting parallel adaptive life-history evolution.

Ancient origin and recent divergence of a haplochromine cichlid lineage from isolated water bodies in the East African Rift system.

Cycles of extinction and colonization in the unstable habitat provided by the small lakes and rivers in this geologically highly active area are suggested in connection with a total lack of local genetic diversity attributable to population bottlenecks.

Pleistocene desiccation in East Africa bottlenecked but did not extirpate the adaptive radiation of Lake Victoria haplochromine cichlid fishes

This study studied the population history of the Lake Victoria region superflock (LVRS) of haplochromine cichlids based on nuclear genetic analysis of populations from Lake Kivu, Lake Victoria, and the connected and surrounding rivers and lakes to suggest dramatic desiccation of this lake ca.

The species flocks of East African cichlid fishes: recent advances in molecular phylogenetics and population genetics

Recent molecular data on population differentiation and phylogenetics are reviewed, which have helped to unravel, to some extent, the patterns and processes that led to the formation and ecological maintenance of cichlid species flocks.

A multi-marker perspective on the evolutionary history of East African cichlid fishes

This thesis generated a new phylogeny of the haplochromines, thus providing a solid basis for the assumptions of the trait emergence and consequently the experiments, and developed a broad range of primers and applied next generation sequencing methods, resulting in the most comprehensive sequence-based multi-marker set for Lake Tanganyikan cichlids so far.

Where ichthyofaunal provinces meet: the fish fauna of the Lake Edward system, East Africa.

An annotated species list of the Lake Edward, East Africa, drainage system shows that most of the non-Haplochromis species in the area sampled during the recent expeditions are covered, but undetected species might still be present in the Congolese part of the system, which is poorly sampled.
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According to a widely held view, the more than 300 species of haplochromine cichlid fishes in Lake Victoria (LV), East Africa, originated from a single founder species in less than 12 000 years. This

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