Origin of the Mesoamerican 260-Day Calendar

  title={Origin of the Mesoamerican 260-Day Calendar},
  author={Vincent H. Malmstrom},
  pages={939 - 941}
The sacred 260-day Mesoamerican calendar probably originated near a latitude of 15 �N, where there is a 260-day interval between transits of the zenithal sun. Archeological and faunal evidence favors an origin in the Pacific lowlands rather than in the highlands near Cop�n, Honduras, although Cop�n, which is located at the 15th parallel of latitude, later became the principal Mayan astronomical center. 

Edzna: earliest astronomical center of the maya?

Although the archaeological site of Edzna is one of the more accessible Mayan ruins, being located scarcely 60 km to the southeast of the port-city of Campeche, it has until recently escaped the

Mesoamerican Astronomy and the Ritual Calendar

The cultures of Ancient Mesoamerica that flourished between approximately 14°N and the Tropic of Cancer (23° 27′N) have a long history. The term Mesoamerica was first proposed by Paul Kirchhoff in


In earlier papers the author has presented evidence for the development during the 14th century B.C. of both the 260-day ritual almanac and the 365-day secular calendar at the Formative site of Izapa

The Zenith, the Mountain, the Center, and the Sea

OST BASIC TO Chamula spatial organization is the belief that they M live at the center . . . 'the navel of the earth,' " Gary Gossen explains in his description of modern Tzotzil Maya cosmology.' He

Measuring deep time: the Sidereal Year and the Tropical Year in Maya inscriptions

  • M. Grofe
  • Physics
    Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union
  • 2011
Abstract Maya inscriptions contain numerous examples of long intervals of time that count both backward and forward from a fixed point of historical reference to specific mythological dates, often

Cosmogony and prophecy: Maya Era Day cosmology in the context of the 2012 prophecy

Abstract The Maya 2012 prophecy foretells events that will occur at the close of the current Maya ‘era’ and at the end of the 13th BˈAKTUN period of the Maya calendar. This paper explores the mythic

The Serpent Series: Precession in the Maya Dresden Codex

The Postclassic Maya Dresden Codex contains extensive astronomical records in the form of calendrical and chronological intervals concerning multiple cycles of the sun, the moon, and several visible

The Pecked Cross Symbol in Ancient Mesoamerica

Evidence is presented which implies that more than one and perhaps all of these functions were employed simultaneously, a view which is shown to be consistent with the cosmological attitude of the pre-Columbian people.

Origin of the 260-day cycle in mesoamerica.

material resources are available, equivalent to the constant losses by respiration and mortality. Making these rates functions of the levels of space and material resources complicates the equations

Arqueoastronomía y la traza urbana en Teotihuacan

When examining the orientation of urban grids troughout Mexico one can observe a particular east alignment of the north direction that coincides with the alignment of the ancient city of Teotihuacan.



The ancient Maya

Review of Sharer, Robert J. and Loa P. Traxler (2006) The Ancient Maya. Sixth edition. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

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The Maya and Their Neighbors (Appleton-Century-Crofts, New I have discovered two unusual features of the kappa-type light chaiin from the mouse myeloma tumor line MPC

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