Origin of the Genus Homo

  title={Origin of the Genus Homo},
  author={Holly M Dunsworth},
  journal={Evolution: Education and Outreach},
The origin of the genus Homo in Africa signals the beginning of the shift from increasingly bipedal apes to primitive, large-brained, stone tool-making, meat-eaters that traveled far and wide. This early part of the human genus is represented by three species: Homo habilis, Homo rudolfensis, and Homo erectus. H. habilis is known for retaining primitive features that link it to australopiths and for being the first stone tool makers. Little is known about H. rudolfensis except that it had a… 
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A new small-bodied hominin from the Late Pleistocene of Flores, Indonesia
The discovery of an adult hominin with stature and endocranial volume equal to the smallest-known australopithecines is reported, from the Late Pleistocene of Flores, Indonesia, and shows that the genus Homo is morphologically more varied and flexible in its adaptive responses than previously thought.
The First Humans – Origin and Early Evolution of the Genus Homo
The first humans: a summary perspective on the origin and early evolution of the genus Homo is presented.
Implications of new early Homo fossils from Ileret, east of Lake Turkana, Kenya
Two new cranial fossils from the Koobi Fora Formation, east of Lake Turkana in Kenya, are described that have bearing on the relationship between species of early Homo and confirm the distinctiveness of H.’shabilis and H.erectus, independently of overall cranial size, and suggest that these two early taxa were living broadly sympatrically in the same lake basin for almost half a million years.
Australopithecus sediba: A New Species of Homo-Like Australopith from South Africa
Combined craniodental and postcranial evidence demonstrates that this new species of Australopithecus shares more derived features with early Homo than any other australopith species and thus might help reveal the ancestor of that genus.
The foot of Homo floresiensis
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Natural history of Homo erectus.
  • S. Antón
  • Environmental Science, Geography
    American journal of physical anthropology
  • 2003
It is argued that H. erectus is a hominin, notable for its increased body size, that originates in the latest Pliocene/earliest Pleistocene of Africa and quickly disperses into Western and Eastern Asia and is also an increasingly derived homin in with several regional morphs sustained by intermittent isolation, particularly in Southeast Asia.
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The new material found in 1963 makes it possible to draw conclusions and to give a diagnosis for a new species of the genus Homo, as shown in this article.
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Five years of Homo floresiensis.
  • L. Aiello
  • Biology
    American journal of physical anthropology
  • 2010
The evidence supports the hypothesis that Homo floresiensis is a late-surviving species of early Homo with its closest morphological affinities to early African pre-erectus/ergaster hominins, and requires fundamental paradigm changes in the understanding of human evolution.
Age of the earliest known hominids in Java, Indonesia.
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