Origin of the Cannula for Tracheotomy During the Middle Ages and Renaissance

  title={Origin of the Cannula for Tracheotomy During the Middle Ages and Renaissance},
  author={Paolo Missori and Giacoma Maria Floriana Brunetto and Maurizio Domenicucci},
  journal={World Journal of Surgery},
The purpose of this article was to trace the historical origin of the inserted cannula during tracheotomy. Tracheotomy is mentioned in most ancient medical texts, but the origin of cannula insertion into the windpipe is unclear. We reviewed the incunabula and Renaissance texts reporting the utilization of surgical cannulas and tracheotomy. The incunabula disclosed extended use of surgical cannulas during the middle ages and Renaissance. Although tracheotomy was advocated in acutely suffocating… 
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