Origin of origami cockroach reveals long-lasting (11 Ma) phenotype instability following viviparity


Viviparity evolved in bacteria, plants, ˃141 vertebrate lineages (ichthyosaurs, lizards, fishes, mammals, and others), and in 11 of 44 insect orders. Live-birth cockroaches preserved with brood sac (3D recovered two times optically) included Diploptera vladimir, Diploptera savba, Diploptera gemini spp.n., D. sp.1–2, and Stegoblatta irmgardgroehni from Green River, Colorado; Quilchena, Republic; McAbee, Canada; and Baltic amber, Russia (49, 54, and 45 Ma). They evolved from rare and newly evolved Blaberidae; they radiated circumtropically, later expanded into SE Asia, and have now spread to Hawaii and the SE USA. Association of autapomorphic characters that allow for passive and active protections from parasitic insects (unique wing origami pleating identical with its egg case-attacking wasp) suggest a response to high parasitic loads. Synchronized with global reorganization of the biota, morphotype destabilization in roaches lasted approximately 11–22 Ma, including both the adaptation of novel characters and the reduction of others. Thus, while viviparity can be disadvantageous, in association with new Bauplans and/or behaviors, it can contribute to the evolution of taxa with viviparous representatives that are slightly selectively preferred.

DOI: 10.1007/s00114-016-1398-4

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@article{Vransk2016OriginOO, title={Origin of origami cockroach reveals long-lasting (11 Ma) phenotype instability following viviparity}, author={Peter V. Vr{\vs}ansk{\'y} and Lucia {\vS}m{\'i}dov{\'a} and Daniel Vala{\vs}ka and Peter Barna and Ľubom{\'i}r Vidli{\vc}ka and Peter Tak{\'a}{\vc} and Lubomir Pavlik and Tatiana K{\'u}delov{\'a} and Talia S. Karim and David Zelagin and Dena Smith}, journal={The Science of Nature}, year={2016}, volume={103}, pages={1-15} }