Origin and evolution of the chloroplast division machinery

  title={Origin and evolution of the chloroplast division machinery},
  author={Shin-ya Miyagishima},
  journal={Journal of Plant Research},
Chloroplasts were originally established in eukaryotes by the endosymbiosis of a cyanobacterium; they then spread through diversification of the eukaryotic hosts and subsequent engulfment of eukaryotic algae by previously nonphotosynthetic eukaryotes. The continuity of chloroplasts is maintained by division of preexisting chloroplasts. Like their ancestors, chloroplasts use a bacterial division system based on the FtsZ ring and some associated factors, all of which are now encoded in the host… CONTINUE READING

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