Origin and evolution of the Mediterranean vegetation and climate in Europe

  title={Origin and evolution of the Mediterranean vegetation and climate in Europe},
  author={Jean‐Pierre Suc},
  • J. Suc
  • Published 1 February 1984
  • Geography
  • Nature
Palynology provides information about Pliocene and early Pleistocene vegetation and climate evolution inthe north-west Mediterranean area in relation to high northern latitude climatic trends. An important change occurred approximately 3.2 Myr ago with the appearance of the Mediterranean climatic rhythm (summer drought) causing the individualization of the modern Mediterranean floral elements. Quaternary-type mediterranean climatic fluctuations started approximately 2.3 Myr ago (early Glacial… 
Pliocene-pleistocene vegetational and climatic evolution of the south-central mediterranean
Abstract The vegetational history of the south-central Mediterranean clearly reflects the major global climatic changes of the last four million years. A Mediterranean-type climate, characterized by
Vegetation dynamics in north-western Mediterranean regions: Instability of the Mediterranean bioclimate
Abstract Pollen and plant macrofossil records from a selection of sites in Spain, France and Italy are used to explore the origin and the development of the Mediterranean vegetation. The role of
Biogeography and evolution of Abies (Pinaceae) in the Mediterranean Basin: the roles of long-term climatic change and glacial refugia
Aim The genus Abies exemplifies plant diversification related to long-term climatic, geological and evolutionary changes. Today, the Mediterranean firs comprise nine species, one natural hybrid and
Pollen records and climatic cycles in the North Mediterranean region since 2.7 Ma
Abstract This synthesis incorporates the 16 most important pollen records available across the North Mediterranean region sensu lato for the last 2.7 Ma. Their location is discussed with respect to
Holocene Mediterranization of the southern Crimean vegetation: paleoecological records, regional climate change, and possible non-climatic influences
Despite their relatively high latitude and isolation from the Mediterranean biome, the southern coast of the Crimean Peninsula and the NovorossiyskTuapse region of the western Caucasus harbor the
Climate changes in the central Mediterranean and Italian vegetation dynamics since the Pliocene
Abstract Pollen records and pollen-based climate reconstructions from the Italian peninsula (central Mediterranean) show clear signals of vegetation change linked to variations in water availability
Late Pliocene vegetation and orbital-scale climate changes from the western Mediterranean area
Abstract The Late Pliocene is a very interesting period as climate deteriorated from a warm optimum at ca. 3.3–3.0 Ma to a progressive climate cooling. Simultaneously, the Mediterranean area
Late Miocene climate in the circum-Alpine realm—a quantitative analysis of terrestrial palaeofloras
Abstract Selected mega- and microfloras from Central and Southern Europe have been analysed for the time interval Tortonian/Pannonian (MN 9–12) with the Coexistence Approach to obtain quantitative
Miocene to Pliocene vegetation reconstruction and climate estimates in the Iberian Peninsula from pollen data.
Abstract Pollen analysis of Miocene and Pliocene sediments from the Iberian Peninsula shows a progressive reduction in plant diversity through time caused by the disappearance of thermophilous and
Vegetation, climate and palaeoaltitude reconstructions of the Eastern Alps during the Miocene based on pollen records from Austria, Central Europe.
Aim: To reconstruct the flora, vegetation, climate and palaeoaltitude during the Miocene (23.03–5.33 Ma) in Central Europe. Location: Six outcrop sections located in different basins of the Central


Climatic inference from the history of the taxodiaceae during the pliocene and the early pleistocene in Western Europe
Abstract The Taxodiaceae are present throughout Western Europe during the Early Pliocene. Chronological data show that their extinction begins during the Middle Pliocene in the French Mediterranean
Mediterranean Type Ecosystems. Origin and Structure.
This book discusses the evolution of Mediterranean Ecosystems, the impact of man's impact on the Several Regions with Mediterranean Climates, and the Human Degradation of Mediterranean Landscapes in Israel.
Oxygen isotope and palaeomagnetic evidence for early Northern Hemisphere glaciation
Oxygen isotope and palaeomagnetic analysis of the lower half of LDGO piston core V28–179 shows that glacial–interglacial fluctuations have characterised Earth's climate for the past 3.2 Myr, before
Middle Pliocene climatic change in the western Mediterranean from faunal and oxygen isotopic trends
The pelagic sedimentary sequences recovered by the Deep Sea Drilling Project (DSDP) from the Mediterranean are important because of their proximity to the classical shallow-water Neogene marine-type
Climatic evolution of the mediterranean sea during the last 5.0 million years
Abstract Planktonic foraminifera from DSDP Sites 125 and 132 have been used to monitor the climatic evolution of the eastern and western Mediterranean during the last 5.0 million years. By assuming
Isotopic Paleoceanography of the Caribbean and East Pacific: Role of Panama Uplift in Late Neogene Time
Comparisons of carbon isotopic data on benthic foraminifera from Deep Sea Drilling Project sites 502 and 503 suggest that modern circulation patterns in the Caribbean and eastern Pacific developed by 3 million years ago in concert with changing tectonic, climatic, and biogeographic patterns.
Pliocene dispersal of the horse Equus and late Cenozoic mammalian dispersal events
The Cenozoic history of land mammals is marked by brief periods of intercontinental dispersal, termed dispersal events1,2. One of these dispersal events includes the horse Equus, that evolved in
Le Plio-Pléistocène de Camerota(Italie méridionale): Géomorphologie et Paléoflores
Resume L'etude geomorphologique des environ de camerota et la decouverte de microfaunes marines ont permis la distinction entre niveaux du Pliocene superleur et niveaux d'âge calabrien et
Mise en evidence de la transition paleomagnetique Gauss-Matuyama dans les formations volcaniques de l'Escandorgue, herault, France
Abstract The Escandorgue Range has been produced by some of the most southern flows of recent volcanics in France. In its central part, it is composed of a sequence of basaltic flows which have been
Sédimentation argileuse en mer Tyrrhénienne au Plio-Pléistocène d'après l'étude du forage JOIDES 132
Le forage Joides 132, preleve par 2 835 m de profondeur en mer Tyrrhenienne, comporte une sequence continue de vases hemipelagiques, pliocenes et pleistocenes, recouvrant les evaporites du Messinien.