Origin and evolution of the Mediterranean vegetation and climate in Europe

  title={Origin and evolution of the Mediterranean vegetation and climate in Europe},
  author={Jean‐Pierre Suc},
  • J. Suc
  • Published 1 February 1984
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • Nature
Palynology provides information about Pliocene and early Pleistocene vegetation and climate evolution inthe north-west Mediterranean area in relation to high northern latitude climatic trends. An important change occurred approximately 3.2 Myr ago with the appearance of the Mediterranean climatic rhythm (summer drought) causing the individualization of the modern Mediterranean floral elements. Quaternary-type mediterranean climatic fluctuations started approximately 2.3 Myr ago (early Glacial… 

Vegetation dynamics in north-western Mediterranean regions: Instability of the Mediterranean bioclimate

Abstract Pollen and plant macrofossil records from a selection of sites in Spain, France and Italy are used to explore the origin and the development of the Mediterranean vegetation. The role of

Pollen records and climatic cycles in the North Mediterranean region since 2.7 Ma

  • J. SucS. Popescu
  • Environmental Science, Geography
    Geological Society, London, Special Publications
  • 2005
Abstract This synthesis incorporates the 16 most important pollen records available across the North Mediterranean region sensu lato for the last 2.7 Ma. Their location is discussed with respect to

Biogeography and evolution of Abies (Pinaceae) in the Mediterranean Basin: the roles of long‐term climatic change and glacial refugia

Current knowledge concerning the origin and evolution of the genus Abies in the Mediterranean Basin are summarized and a comprehensive hypothesis to explain the isolation and speciation pattern of Mediterranean firs is proposed.

Vegetation, climate and palaeoaltitude reconstructions of the Eastern Alps during the Miocene based on pollen records from Austria, Central Europe

Aim  To reconstruct the flora, vegetation, climate and palaeoaltitude during the Miocene (23.03–5.33 Ma) in Central Europe.

Holocene Mediterranization of the southern Crimean vegetation: paleoecological records, regional climate change, and possible non-climatic influences

Despite their relatively high latitude and isolation from the Mediterranean biome, the southern coast of the Crimean Peninsula and the NovorossiyskTuapse region of the western Caucasus harbor the



Mediterranean Type Ecosystems. Origin and Structure.

This book discusses the evolution of Mediterranean Ecosystems, the impact of man's impact on the Several Regions with Mediterranean Climates, and the Human Degradation of Mediterranean Landscapes in Israel.

Oxygen isotope and palaeomagnetic evidence for early Northern Hemisphere glaciation

Oxygen isotope and palaeomagnetic analysis of the lower half of LDGO piston core V28–179 shows that glacial–interglacial fluctuations have characterised Earth's climate for the past 3.2 Myr, before

Middle Pliocene climatic change in the western Mediterranean from faunal and oxygen isotopic trends

The pelagic sedimentary sequences recovered by the Deep Sea Drilling Project (DSDP) from the Mediterranean are important because of their proximity to the classical shallow-water Neogene marine-type

Isotopic Paleoceanography of the Caribbean and East Pacific: Role of Panama Uplift in Late Neogene Time

  • L. Keigwin
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 1982
Comparisons of carbon isotopic data on benthic foraminifera from Deep Sea Drilling Project sites 502 and 503 suggest that modern circulation patterns in the Caribbean and eastern Pacific developed by 3 million years ago in concert with changing tectonic, climatic, and biogeographic patterns.

Pliocene dispersal of the horse Equus and late Cenozoic mammalian dispersal events

The Cenozoic history of land mammals is marked by brief periods of intercontinental dispersal, termed dispersal events1,2. One of these dispersal events includes the horse Equus, that evolved in

Sédimentation argileuse en mer Tyrrhénienne au Plio-Pléistocène d'après l'étude du forage JOIDES 132

Le forage Joides 132, preleve par 2 835 m de profondeur en mer Tyrrhenienne, comporte une sequence continue de vases hemipelagiques, pliocenes et pleistocenes, recouvrant les evaporites du Messinien.