Origin and Migration of the Alpine Iceman

  title={Origin and Migration of the Alpine Iceman},
  author={Wolfgang M{\"u}ller and Henry C. Fricke and Alex N. Halliday and Malcolm T. McCulloch and J-A. Wartho},
  pages={862 - 866}
The Alpine Iceman provides a unique window into the Neolithic-Copper Age of Europe. We compared the radiogenic (strontium and lead) and stable (oxygen and carbon) isotope composition of the Iceman's teeth and bones, as well as 40Ar/39Ar mica ages from his intestine, to local geology and hydrology, and we inferred his habitat and range from childhood to adult life. The Iceman's origin can be restricted to a few valleys within ∼60 kilometers south(east) of the discovery site. His migration during… 
Mid and late Holocene land-use changes in the Ötztal Alps, territory of the Neolithic Iceman "Ötzi"
This interdisciplinary study combines an extensive archaeological survey and pollen analyses in the high altitudes of the Neolithic Iceman's territory to elucidate the palaeo-environmental and past
Isotopic records of terrestrial ice age environments in mammoth bioapatite
Palaeoenvironments of the latter half of the Weichselian ice age and the transition to the Holocene, from ca. 52 to 4 ka, were investigated using isotopic analysis of oxygen, carbon and strontium in
First Strontium Isotope Evidence of Mobility in the Neolithic of Southern France
This study presents the first 87Sr/ 86Sr isotope results obtained on Neolithic humans from Southern France. These analyses aimed at exploring patterns of mobility in the Languedoc and Garonne areas,
The movements of Alpine glaciers throughout the last 10,000 years as sensitive proxies of temperature and climate changes
A brief review of the movements of Alpine glaciers throughout the Holocene in the Northern Hemisphere (European Alps) and in the Southern Hemisphere (New Zealand Southern Alps) is presented. It is
Mobility and diet in Neolithic, Bronze Age and Iron Age Germany : evidence from multiple isotope analysis
Prehistoric human diet can be reconstructed by the analysis of carbon (C), nitrogen (N) and sulphur (S) stable isotopes in bone, whereas ancient mobility and provenance can be studied using the
A new approach to tracking connections between the Indus Valley and Mesopotamia: initial results of strontium isotope analyses from Harappa and Ur
Exchange and interaction between early state-level societies in Mesopotamia and the Indus Valley during the 3rd millennium BC has been documented for some time. The study of this interaction has been
Tracing human mobility in central Europe during the Upper Paleolithic using sub-seasonally resolved Sr isotope records in ornaments
It is argued that the artefacts were most likely brought to Borsuka Cave by humans or by a network of exchange, so far never reported in the time range 32.5–28.8 ka cal BP for Southern Poland, and show good agreement with sites near the Austria-Slovakia border region and northern Hungary.
Ice Patch Archaeology in Global Perspective: Archaeological Discoveries from Alpine Ice Patches Worldwide and Their Relationship with Paleoclimates
In recent years, in association with global climate change, researchers have found significant quantities of preserved archaeological material melting from kinetically-stable alpine and subalpine
Lapita Migrants in the Pacific's Oldest Cemetery: Isotopic Analysis at Teouma, Vanuatu
Teouma, an archaeological site on Efate Island, Vanuatu, features the earliest cemetery yet discovered of the colonizers of Remote Oceania, from the late second millennium B.C. In order to
The Tyrolean Iceman and His Glacial Environment During the Holocene
Abstract This paper summarizes the present knowledge on the variation of summer temperatures in the European Alps throughout the Holocene by combining the results of an extraordinary archaeological


The man in the ice: results from radiocarbon dating
Abstract In September 1991, a mummified corpse was found in a small rock depression at the Hauslabjoch, which is located in the Otztal Alps (part of Similaun Massiv), South-Tyrol, Italy. To determine
The Last Domicile of the Iceman from Hauslabjoch: A Geochemical Approach Using Sr, C and O Isotopes and Trace Element Signatures
Abstract We present Sr, C and O isotope ratios and quantitative ratios of trace element ratios in the rib and the femur of the Tyrolean Iceman “Otzi”. The results from the rib and the femur are
Carbonate Speleothems in the Dry, Inneralpine Vinschgau Valley, Northernmost Italy: Witnesses of Changes in Climate and Hydrology Since the Last Glacial Maximum
ABSTRACT An interesting association of slope breccia, inactive and active tufa deposits, and speleothems is present in the central Vinschgau Valley, Italy. The occurrence of abundant carbonate
Some anthropological aspects of the prehistoric Tyrolean ice man.
The corpse of a Late Neolithic individual found in a glacier in Oetztal is unusual because of the intact nature of all body parts that resulted from the characteristics of its mummification process
87Sr/86Sr ratios in modern and fossil food-webs of the Sterkfontein Valley: implications for early hominid habitat preference
This research addresses the potential contribution of strontium isotopes to the reconstruction of early hominid behavior at the Swartkrans site in the Sterkfontein Valley of Gauteng Provence
In 1991 a preserved corpse was found by chance in an Alpine glacier. Preliminary tests showed that this was the body of a Neolithic hunter who had died some 5300 years ago. This book sets out the
Oxygen isotopes in mammal bone phosphate: A new tool for paleohydrological and paleoclimatological research?
Abstract Oxygen isotope analyses of water in blood of humans and domestic pigs indicate that the oxygen isotope fractionation effects between ingested water and body water are the same in all
Holocene climate variability in Europe: Evidence from δ18O, textural and extension-rate variations in three speleothems
Time-series O isotope profiles for three U–Th dated stalagmites have revealed that for much of the Holocene, a site on the Atlantic seaboard (SW Ireland) exhibits first-order δ18O trends that are
Molecular genetic analyses of the Tyrolean Ice Man.
One DNA sequence of a hypervariable segment of the mitochondrial control region was determined independently in two different laboratories from internal samples of the body and showed that the mitochondrial type of the Ice Man fits into the genetic variation of contemporary Europeans and that it was most closely related to mitochondrial types determined from central and northern European populations.
Isotopic composition of precipitation in Italy: a first overall map
Abstract Composite monthly samples of atmospheric precipitation were collected over different periods of time ranging from one to seven years at 77 different locations throughout Italy. These samples