Origin, Domestication and Diffusion of Sorghum bicolor

  title={Origin, Domestication and Diffusion of Sorghum bicolor},
  author={Kamala Venkateswaran and Maruthamuthu Elangovan and Natarajan Sivaraj},
  journal={Breeding Sorghum for Diverse End Uses},
Wild Sorghum as a Promising Resource for Crop Improvement
The wild gene pool of sorghum may have many useful genes for abiotic and biotic stress tolerance, and an improved understanding of wild sorghums will better allow us to exploit this previously underutilized gene pool for the production of more resilient crops.
Cyanogenesis in the Sorghum Genus: From Genotype to Phenotype
Domestication has resulted in a loss of genetic diversity in our major food crops, leading to susceptibility to biotic and abiotic stresses linked with climate change. Crop wild relatives (CWR) may
Fungal contamination and mycotoxins associated with sorghum crop: its relevance today
The current data compilation highlights the imperative need for sorghum-producing countries to strengthen surveillance and increase grain inspections to ensure the safety of this crop for human consumption as well as the need to establish regulations for mycotoxins or groups of mycot oxins in sorghums.
Genetic variability among Ethiopian sorghum landrace accessions for major agro-morphological traits and anthracnose resistance
To assess genetic variation among Ethiopian sorghum landrace accessions based on agro-morphological traits and anthracnose resistance, aiming to select promising genotypes for breeding, it is indicated that harvest index and fresh biomass had the strongest direct effects on grain yield.
Determination of intra and inter row spacing on the yield of pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum L.) in the dry land areas of Wag Himra, eastern Amhara, Ethiopia
It is possible to recommend that, sowing of pearl millet with inter row spacing of 50cm and 5cm intra row spacing is effective in attaining higher grain yield in the study area.
Genomic patterns of structural variation among diverse genotypes of Sorghum bicolor and a potential role for deletions in local adaptation
Even though most deletions appeared to be neutral, a handful of cluster-specific deletions were found in genes related to biotic and abiotic stress responses, supporting the possibility that at least some of these deletions contribute to local adaptation in sorghum.
Genome-Wide Association Mapping of Resistance to the Sugarcane Aphid in Sorghum bicolor
Phenotypic data from field-based visual ratings, reflectance data, and greenhouse evaluations are combined to identify genome-wide associated (GWAS) marker-trait associations (MTA) using genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS) data and revealed several new loci.
Diversity and distribution of yeasts in indigenous fermented foods and beverages of Ethiopia.
Significant variations were encountered both in yeast cell counts, diversity, and distribution of yeast species among different types of fermentation products and even among different samples of the same types of fermented products.
Use of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi for Vegetable Crops
The benefits of the use of amf under severe disease and pest incidences are revealed and it is revealed as an alternate for harmful chemical pesticides and fungicides.
Invasive Johnsongrass, a threat to native grasslands and agriculture
This review provides a historical and research overview on Johnsongrass expansion, its current as well future impact particularly on North American and European grasslands and agriculture.


Evidence for Sorghum Domestication in Fourth Millennium BC Eastern Sudan: Spikelet Morphology from Ceramic Impressions of the Butana Group
Since the 1970s, the quest for finding the origins of domesticated sorghum in Africa has remained elusive despite the fact that sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench. sensu stricto) is one of the
The complex species Sorghum bicolor (Linn.) Moench (Gramineae) includes all cultivated sorghums as well as a group of semiwild plants mostly associated with them as weeds which indicates that they all belong to a single species.
Saharan exploitation of plants 8,000 years BP
SORGHUM and millets are among the world's most important food crops and, for the inhabitants of the semi-arid tropics, they are the main sources of protein and energy. Little is known about the
Caudatum sorghums and speakers of Chari-Nile languages in Africa
Our study of caudatum sorghums in Africa and the ethnography, history, and archaeology of regions where caudatum sorghums are grown has led us to the following conclusions. The distributions of
Origin and evolution of Guinea sorghums
On grounds of comparative morphology and present-day distribution patterns, the most likely progenitor of cultivated sorghum is considered to be the widely distributed verticilliflorum-aethiopicum
Early domesticated sorghum from Central Sudan
The remains of wickerwork matting and many fragments of thick stalks of cereal grass suggest that the pit may have been a silo lined with stalks and mats, not dissimilar to the pits made today in the area for storing grain.
Sorghum in the Economy of the Early Neolithic Nomadic Tribes at Nabta Playa, Southern Egypt
The 8000 years old early neolithic site E-75-6 at Nabta Playa, southern Egypt, yielded charred plant remains of over 120 taxa. Several species of edible plants were recovered, many of which are still
The origins of indigenous African agriculture
This chapter discusses ethnographic, archaeological and linguistic evidences for the origin of indigenous African agriculture, and also the development of indigenous African agriculture in the most
Sedentism, cultivation, and plant domestication in the holocene middle Nile region
AbstractThis paper focuses on preconditions for, and consequences of, sedentism and the emergence of cultivation. Archaeological material from sites in the Middle Nile basin dated to the mid-9th
Convergent evolution and parallelism in plant domestication revealed by an expanding archaeological record
A unique synthesis of evidence is provided, including quantitative evidence on the trajectory and rate of domestication in seed crops and patterns in the development of tropical vegetatively propagated crops, for the New World and Old World tropics.