Origen, Greek Philosophy, and the Birth of the Trinitarian Meaning of Hypostasis*

  title={Origen, Greek Philosophy, and the Birth of the Trinitarian Meaning of Hypostasis*},
  author={Ilaria L. E. Ramelli},
  journal={Harvard Theological Review},
  pages={302 - 350}
Origen, far from being a precursor of “Arianism,” as he was depicted during the Origenist controversy and is often still misrepresented today, was the main inspirer of the Nicene-Cappadocian line.1 The Trinitarian formulation of this line, which was represented above all by Gregory of Nyssa, is that God is one and the same nature or essence in three individual substances and that the Son is to the Father. Indeed, the three members of the Trinity share in the same 2 This formulation was followed… 

Antioch 268 and Its Legacy in the Fourth-Century Theological Debates

  • D. Giulea
  • Philosophy
    Harvard Theological Review
  • 2018
Abstract The study proposes an analysis of the concepts of ousia and hypostasis in the theology of the Council of Antioch which condemned Paul of Samosata in 268 CE. The authentic reports preserved

Monarchianism and Origen’s Early Trinitarian Theology

MONARCHIANISM AND ORIGEN’S EARLY TRINITARIAN THEOLOGY Stephen E. Waers, B.A., M.Div. Marquette University, 2016 This dissertation unfolds in two parts. In the first, I offer a reconstruction of the

Origen and the Platonic Tradition

This study situates Origen of Alexandria within the Platonic tradition, presenting Origenas a Christian philosopher who taught and studied philosophy, of which theology was part and parcel. More

Embodiment, Heresy, and the Hellenization of Christianity: The Descent of the Soul in Plato and Origen*

  • P. Martens
  • Philosophy
    Harvard Theological Review
  • 2015
The Hellenization of Christianity is a long-standing and notoriously contentious historiographical construct in early Christian studies. While it has been deployed in surprisingly fluid ways, most

The Father in the Son, the Son in the Father in the Gospel of John: Sources and Reception of Dynamic Unity in Middle and Neoplatonism, ‘Pagan’ and Christian

Abstract This article will investigate the context – in terms of both sources (by means of influence, transformation, or contrast) and ancient reception – of the concept of the ‘dynamic unity’ of the

The “Aspects of Christ” (Epinoiai Christou) in Origen's Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans

Origen's understanding of the epinoiai (aspects or concepts) of Christ is certainly one of the most fascinating and unique facets of his theology. By no means a marginal element in his

Through the Eyes of the Other: what Western theologians can learn from John Zizioulas’ reading of the trinitarian theology of the Cappadocian Fathers

This project was inspired by a perceived discrepancy between the the trinitarian theology of the Cappadocian Fathers and the theology imputed to them by Greek Orthodox theologian John Zizioulas.

The Divine as Inaccessible Object of Knowledge in Ancient Platonism: A Common Philosophical Pattern across Religious Traditions

The divine is an inaccessible object of human knowledge and reasoning according to some philosophers–theologians of the first four centuries ce . They display a refined cognitive approach to religion

Christian Theological Literature

  • J. Lössl
  • Philosophy
    A Companion to Late Antique Literature
  • 2018
Following an analysis of the meaning of the terms “Christian,” “Theological,” and “Literature,” some characteristic types and forms of such literature are discussed (e. g. apologies, heresiologies,

Eschatological Christology in African Christianity: A Reflection on Relevance and Implication

  • Edward Agboada
  • Philosophy
    E-Journal of Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences
  • 2022
Eschatological Christology in African Christianity is an attempt to appreciate the concept of eschatology (beliefs about death, judgement and the final destiny of individual souls and humankind) in



Patristic Exegesis And The Arithmetic Of The Divine From The Apologists To Athanasius

According to Harnack, the core doctrinal question is, ?Is the divine that has appeared on earth and reunited man with God identical with the supreme divine, which rules heaven and earth, or is it a

The Epistle to the Hebrews

For as much as divers, both of the Greek writers and Latin’s witness, that the writer of this Epistle for just causes would not have his name known, it were curiosity of our part to labor much

Plotinus and Greek Rationalism

In The Great Chain of Being A.O. Lovejoy describes a basic contradiction in platonism which stems from Plato's two divergent conceptions of God and his related divergent conceptions of the proper

Once Again: Gregory of Nyssa on Universals

This essay takes up the contentious issue of Gregory of Nyssa's use of a theory of the universal. It is argued that Gregory, in his trinitarian theology and elsewhere in his thought, employs with

Gregory of Nyssa and the Concept of Divine Persons

The concept of personhood is central to a wide range of contemporary issues, ranging from reproductive rights to the death penalty and euthanasia. We may think that the concept of person is a modern

Intellect and the One in Porphyry’s Sententiae

This article seeks to provide some support for the troublesome report of Damascius in the De Principiis that, for Porphyry, the first principle is the Father of the Noetic Triad—and thus more closely

Traces of Longinus’ Library in Eusebius’ Praeparatio Evangelica1

When Longinus left Athens to go to Palmyra, at c. A.D. 269, he must have been of a fairly advanced age. In Athens he had been, for some time, a venerable figure of great renown and considerable

High Priests of the Highest God: Third-Century Platonists as Ritual Experts

This paper explores the way in which third-century philosophers, especially Platonists, portrayed themselves as high priests or "priests of the god who rules all." It argues that figures such as

Porphyry on Christians and Others: "Barbarian Wisdom," Identity Politics, and Anti-Christian Polemics on the Eve of the Great Persecution

This paper argues that we can better appreciate the motivations behind Porphyry of Tyre's anti-Christian polemics if they are placed in the context of his larger philosophical project. Porphyry's

Meletius von Antiochien: Studien zur Geschichte des trinitätstheologischen Streits in den Jahren 360–364 n. Chr by Thomas R. Karmann (review)

Eduard Schwartz’s assessment of St. Meletius of Antioch as one of the most obscure personalities of fourth-century church history has become almost a cliché. Questions abound about the personal