Orienting of Attention*

@article{Posner1980OrientingOA,
  title={Orienting of Attention*},
  author={Michael I. Posner},
  journal={Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology},
  year={1980},
  volume={32},
  pages={25 - 3}
}
  • M. Posner
  • Published 1980
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology
Bartlett viewed thinking as a high level skill exhibiting ballistic properties that he called its “point of no return”. This paper explores one aspect of cognition through the use of a simple model task in which human subjects are asked to commit attention to a position in visual space other than fixation. This instruction is executed by orienting a covert (attentional) mechanism that seems sufficiently time locked to external events that its trajectory can be traced across the visual field in… Expand
On the control of attention.
  • R. Klein
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Canadian journal of experimental psychology = Revue canadienne de psychologie experimentale
  • 2009
TLDR
Using variants of the model task Posner developed for exploring the control of visual attention, it is demonstrated that endogenous and exogenous shifts of attention are fundamentally different on a variety of dimensions and that an aftermath of exogenous orienting, inhibition of return, facilitates search by encouraging orienting to novel items. Expand
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Results indicate that correctly cued stimuli significantly reduce the RT in both tasks and that this reduction is greater in the choice than in the simple RT task, which suggests that a correct cue may produce a pre-programming of the response, in addition to the pre-engagement of the perceptual attention. Expand
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A selective overview of oculomotor investigations which have demonstrated how attention can be captured "bottom-up" by conspicuous elements in the scene as well as how it can be allocated "top-down" on the basis of task goals and reward outcomes is provided. Expand
Individual performance based on cognitive experimental measurements? The case of inhibition of return.
  • A. Berger
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Experimental psychology
  • 2006
TLDR
This study demonstrates that its standard error of measurement is extremely high, which seriously challenges any attempt to interpret an individual score as representing the characteristics of a subject's attention system, and this reliability problem might diminish the likelihood of finding differences between groups and conditions. Expand
A new look at the developmental profile of visual endogenous orienting.
There is a long-standing assumption that covert measurement of orienting, the shifting of the "mind's eye" independent of a saccade to a location in space, is a more "pure" measure of underlyingExpand
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Abstract : A principle problem of neuropsychology is to relate the neural structures damaged in traumatic brain injury with their functions in the cognitive tasks of daily life. This lecture reviewsExpand
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In natural environments, the orienting of attention to an object of interest occurs jointly with selecting it as a potential target for action. This coupling of perceptual selection and motorExpand
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