Organizational designs suited to high performance under stress

@article{Carley1995OrganizationalDS,
  title={Organizational designs suited to high performance under stress},
  author={Kathleen M. Carley and Zhiang Lin},
  journal={IEEE Trans. Syst. Man Cybern.},
  year={1995},
  volume={25},
  pages={221-230}
}
This paper discusses the role of organizational design in affecting organizational performance. Using a computational framework, CORP, various aspects of organizational design are examined; e.g., training, communication and command structure, and resource access. Organizational performance is evaluated under both optimal operating conditions and stressed conditions (such as information errors and turnover), given both a simple and a complex task. These analyses suggest that when the… 

Organizational decision making and error in a dynamic task environment

TLDR
It is found that time pressure, training, organizational complexity, and organizational environment are stronger determinants of organizational performance than the match between the organization and its environment.

Organizational adaptation

TLDR
The results suggest that collections of non-humans may come to seem more intelligent even if the agents remain unchanged if the system simply develops duplicate copies of some of the artificial agents and if the connections among agents are dynamically altered.

No Right Way: How to Structure Tasks to Maximize Organizational Learning

TLDR
It is shown that no single task structure is ideal for all situations, with some task structures being better suited for rapid learning (but having a lower long-term potential for learning) while others are better for learning in the long run.

2 INFORMATION PROCESSING Organizational Structure and Perpetual Innovation : A Computational Model of a Retail Chain

Historically, Sears, Roebuck has been a relatively decentralized organization (Worthy, 1984) which, it has been argued, is a source of their success (Emmet and Jeuck, 1950). Analogous comments have

Testing and Enhancing a Pivotal Organizational Structure Decision-Making Model

This paper presents and empirically tests a new point-system-based, mathematical decision-making model for determining the most effective organizational structure for any type firm. The model

Design Versus Cognition: The interaction of agent cognition and organizational design on organizational performance

TLDR
Results suggest that simpler models of agents are need at macro levels and more detailed, more cognitively accurate models are needed at micro or small group levels, to generate the same predictive accuracy.

A Software Environment for the Design of Organizational Structures

TLDR
The organizational design environment presented in this paper enables an analyst to synthesize robust organizational structures and evaluate their performances, and allows a user to input parameters and constraints in a natural way at various stages of the design process.

A Theoretical Study of Organizational Performance Under Information Distortion

TLDR
This formal analysis suggests that performance is enhanced if there is a match between the complexity of organizational design and task environment and the effects of information distortion can be combated by training, but only to a limited extent.

Organizational Design and Restructuring in Response to Crises: Lessons from Computational Modeling and Real-World Cases

TLDR
The findings show that a crisis can present critical challenges to organizational performance both externally and internally, and that there is no design guarantee that a high-performing organization will continue to perform well during a crisis situation.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 17 REFERENCES

Organizational Learning and Personnel Turnover

The impact of personnel turnover on an organization's ability to learn, and hence on its ultimate performance, is explored for organizations with different structures and different tasks. A model of

Maydays and Murphies: A Study of the Effect of Organizational Design, Task, and Stress on Organizational Performance

Abstract : How should organizations of intelligent agents be designed so that they exhibit high performance even during periods of stress? We present a formal model of organizational performance

Coordinating the success: trading information redundancy for task simplicity

  • Kathleen M. Carley
  • Business
    Twenty-Third Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences
  • 1990
TLDR
It is suggested that increasing redundancy in information access does not necessarily compensate for personnel turnover, and may actually decrease the rate of organizational learning and degrade performance.

Designing organizational structures to cope with communication breakdowns: a simulation model

During crises, organizations commonly face communication breakdown and erroneous information. For example, equipment malfunctions, decision mak ers become unavailable, and so on. Such breakdowns

Some Characteristics of One Type of High Reliability Organization

This paper is concerned with defining organizational processes necessary to operate safely technologically complex organizations that can do great physical harm to themselves and their surrounding

New challenges in organizational research: high reliability organizations

This paper describes a multidisciplinary project concerned with the design and management of hazardous organizations that achieve extremely high lev els of reliable and safe operations. The

A Garbage Can Model of Organizational Choice.

Organized anarchies are organizations characterized by problematic preferences, unclear technology, and fluid participation. Recent studies of universities, a familiar form of organized anarchy,

Decision Making in Teams: Raising an Individual Decision Making Model to the Team Level

Abstract : A model of team decision making based on an individual decision making model is developed. The team model focuses on how individual team members use informational cues to reach judgments

A distributed M-ary hypothesis testing problem with correlated observations

TLDR
A nonlinear Gauss-Seidel iterative algorithm is developed to solve for the local (optimal) decision rules, and its monotonic convergence to the local optimum is established.