Corpus ID: 221213741

Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes

  title={Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes},
  author={Tania Reynoldsa and Chuck Howardc and Hallgeir Sj{\aa}stadd and Luke Zhue and Tyler G. Okimotof and Roy F. Baumeisterf and Karl Aquinoc and Jong-Gyeum Kimg},
Informed by moral typecasting theory, we predicted a gender bias in harm evaluation, such that women are more easily categorized as victims and men as perpetrators. Study 1 participants assumed a harmed target was female (versus male), but especially when labeled ‘victim’. Study 2 participants perceived animated shapes perpetuating harm as male and victimized shapes as female. Study 3 participants assumed a female employee claiming harassment was more of a victim than a male employee making… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

Moral Intensity, Issue Characteristics, and Ethical Issue Recognition in Sales Situations
Researchers have considered individual and organizational factors of ethical decision making. However, they have little interest in situational factors (McClaren, Journal of Business EthicsExpand
Punishing the Perpetrator of Incivility: The Differential Roles of Moral Identity and Moral Thinking Orientation
To shed light on the paradoxical phenomenon that third parties of interpersonal mistreatment are motivated to restore justice but often engage in unethical actions, this research differentiatesExpand
Antecedents of Employees' Ethical Behavior in Pakistan: The Role of Personality Traits, Morality, and Organizational Support.
Firms in a highly competitive environment, to improve productivity, put pressure on employees making them feel insecure about their job, prompting them to behave unethically to protect their jobs.Expand
Reinvigorating Research on Gender in the Workplace Using a Positive Work and Organizations Perspective
Gender inequality is a widespread organizational challenge, however, research on gender in the workplace suffers from stagnation in mainstream management research. A positive work and organizationsExpand
When Feelings Matter: Affect as a Mediator Between Motivational Regulation and Work Intentions
The Problem. Human resource development (HRD) scholars and practitioners alike are faced with the challenging task of accounting for the variables that influence the efficacy of the person in theExpand
Benefit of the doubt: the buffering influence of normative contracts on the breach–workplace performance relationship
Abstract This study investigates the influence of employees' perception of managerial breach of the normative relational contract (i.e. the psychological relational contract at the group level) onExpand
This study develops and tests an integrative model to better understand the mechanisms by which the leadermember exchange (LMX) determines workers’ safety behaviours. The modified theory of plannedExpand
Should Job Applicants Be Excited or Calm? The Role of Culture and Ideal Affect in Employment Settings
These findings support the predictions that culture and ideal affect shape behavior in employment settings, and have important implications for promoting cultural diversity in the workplace. Expand
Employee Deviance as By-product of Psychological Contract: The Moderating Effects of Power Distance among Employees in Insurance Companies in Nigeria
Employees have expectations from their organizations; whether they are written, contractual, or not, these expectations have an equally employee outcome such as employee deviance. Indices indicateExpand
The link between sacrifice and relational and personal well-being: A meta-analysis.
A meta-analytic synthesis of 82 data sets and 9,547 effect sizes test the link between sacrifice and both personal and relationship well-being for both the individual who performs the sacrifice and their romantic partner and revealed that these facets were differently associated withWell-being. Expand


Effects of victim gender, victim sexual orientation, victim response and respondent gender on judgements of blame in a hypothetical adolescent rape
Objectives. Few studies have examined the judgements made towards adolescent rape victims, and none have investigated attributions towards gay male or lesbian adolescents. The current study examinedExpand
Police Perceptions of Rape as Function of Victim Gender and Sexuality
This study investigated United Kingdom police workers' perceptions of adult rape when victim gender and victim sexual orientation were manipulated. Based on the work of Davies, Pollard and ArcherExpand
Gender stereotypes and workplace bias
Abstract This paper focuses on the workplace consequences of both descriptive gender stereotypes (designating what women and men are like) and prescriptive gender stereotypes (designating what womenExpand
Attributions of Blame in Sexual Assault to Perpetrators and Victims of Both Genders1
Previous research found that men attribute more blame to rape victims than do women; men also attribute less blame to perpetrators. In rape situations with a male perpetrator and a female victim, theExpand
Predicting Rape Empathy Based on Victim, Perpetrator, and Participant Gender, and History of Sexual Aggression
This study examined empathy for a hypothetical rape victim and perpetrator based on gender of victim, perpetrator and participant, and sexual aggression experience. Undergraduates (n = 591, 333Expand
Effects of Offender Motivation, Victim Gender, and Participant Gender on Perceptions of Rape Victims and Offenders
It is suggested that an offender's motivation for rape can influence perceptions of the offender's and victim's responsibility for the assault. Expand
Moral Chivalry: Gender and Harm Sensitivity Predict Costly Altruism
Moral perceptions of harm and fairness are instrumental in guiding how an individual navigates moral challenges. Classic research documents that the gender of a target can affect how people deployExpand
The Gender Gap in Sex Offender Punishment
Objectives This paper tests theoretical arguments that suggest court actors hold gendered views of sex offenders that result in a gender gap in sex offender punishment, where women who commit sexualExpand
Who Considers Themselves Victims of Discrimination?: Individual Difference Predictors of Perceived Gender Discrimination in Women and Men
We focus on the general issue of how and why individuals might decide if they have been victims of gender discrimination and how social status differences between women and men may change theExpand
Be an Advocate for Others, Unless You Are a Man: Backlash Against Gender-Atypical Male Job Candidates
Previous research shows that gender vanguards (individuals who demonstrate gender-atypical skills and behavior) suffer backlash in the form of social and economic penalties (Rudman & Phelan, 2008).Expand