Organic alexithymia: a study of acquired emotional blindness

  title={Organic alexithymia: a study of acquired emotional blindness},
  author={Rodrigo Becerra and Andrew Amos and Steven Jongenelis},
  journal={Brain Injury},
  pages={633 - 645}
The phrase 'organic alexithymia' is introduced as a clinically and theoretically useful construct for furthering understanding of alexithymia and the occurrence of alexithymic symptoms in patients with acquired brain injury (ABI). The construct is illustrated by the case study of HR, a 21-year-old man seen at the State Head Injury Unit, Perth, for neuropsychological and clinical assessment 2 years following a motor vehicle accident. HR's case supports the hypotheses that a syndrome… 

The History of the Construct and Etiology of Alexithymia

Alexithymia was first noted in clinical observations of psychosomatic patients. Much of the earliest writing on the subject of psychosomatic illness and what later became known as alexithymia,

Neuropsychological correlates of organic alexithymia

A high prevalence of alexithymia after TBI, relative to the general population and an orthopedic control group, and its relationship to injury severity, neuropsychological ability and affective disorder is confirmed.

The neurocognition of alexithymia: evidence from neuropsychological and neuroimaging studies

Despite the diffuse neural representation, the alexithymia construct can be usefully applied in the clinical and empirical studies of social cognition, particularly when adopting a dimensional neuropsychological approach.

Towards a classification of alexithymia: Primary, secondary and organic

Summary Background Emotion processing is essential for well-being and psychosocial adaptation. Alexithymia is widely viewed as an impairment in emotion processing that includes difficulty identifying

Alexithymia in Chronic Pain Disorders

Overall, the examined studies showed a high prevalence of alexithymia, especially difficulties in identifying feelings, in all the different CP conditions considered, however, the association between alexithsymia and pain intensity was not always clear and in some studies this relationship appeared to be mediated by negative effect, especially depression.

Alexithymia, the Emotional Blindness among Stroke Survivors: A Preliminary Study

Increased awareness of the potential mediating role of alexithymia in poststroke psychological symptoms will facilitate effective diagnoses and better rehabilitation intervention for better outcomes.

Alexithymia After Traumatic Brain Injury: Its Relation to Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings and Psychiatric Disorders

Alexithymia is common, along with psychiatric disorders, in patients with TBI and both of them may reflect dysfunction of the injured brain, and should be taken into consideration in psychosocial rehabilitation after TBI.

Addressing Evidence Linking Secondary Alexithymia to Aberrant Humor Processing

It is believed that the association of secondary alexithymia and aberrant humor processing, especially humor appreciation deficit, and their correlation with specific brain regions, mainly ACG/mPFC, as emerged from the literature, may be of some heuristic importance.



Alexithymia and its relationship to hemispheric specialization, affect, and creativity.

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  • Psychology
    The Psychiatric clinics of North America
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The status of alexithymia as a risk factor in medically unexplained physical symptoms.

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  • Psychology, Medicine
    Comprehensive psychiatry
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Is Alexithymia the Emotional Equivalent of Blindsight?

Evidence for a verbal deficit in alexithymia.

Results suggest that poorly developed verbal ability may relate to the presence of primary alexithymia, irrespective of secondary etiologic factors.

Head injury and alexithymia: implications for family practice care.

The high rates of self-reported history of head injury in family practice settings, particularly in the context of alexithymia, may adversely affect a physician's ability to care for these patients.

Interhemispheric transfer deficit and alexithymia.

The hypothesis that alexithymia reflects a functional disconnection between the two cerebral hemispheres was examined in 25 male combat veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and multiple regression analysis revealed that the efficiency of interhemispheric communication was a significant predictor of the degree of alexithsymia, independent of PTSD severity and IQ.

Recent Developments in Alexithymia Theory and Research

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  • Psychology
    Canadian journal of psychiatry. Revue canadienne de psychiatrie
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Preliminary data suggest that psychotherapies involving specific techniques to enhance emotional awareness and integrate symbolic and subsymbolic elements of emotion schemas may be effective in reducing alexithymic characteristics.

Alexithymia in anorexia nervosa: a controlled study using the 20‐item Toronto Alexithymia Scale

It is concluded that alexithymia, as defined using the TAS‐20, is found only in a subgroup of individuals with anorexia nervosa, and possibly more often in those who are also clinically diagnosed as suffering from empathy disorder.

Alexithymia and the interpretation of emotion-relevant information

Abstract This study examined the relationship between alexithymia and (a) hemis-patial bias; (b) the accuracy of interpreting emotion-relevant information; and (c) the style of interpreting