Organ trafficking and transplant tourism: a commentary on the global realities.

  title={Organ trafficking and transplant tourism: a commentary on the global realities.},
  author={Debra Budiani-Saberi and Francis L. Delmonico},
  journal={American journal of transplantation : official journal of the American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons},
  volume={8 5},
  • D. Budiani-Saberi, F. Delmonico
  • Published 2008
  • Medicine
  • American journal of transplantation : official journal of the American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons
The extent of organ sales from commercial living donors (CLDs) or vendors has now become evident. At the Second Global Consultation on Human Transplantation of the World Health Organization's (WHO) in March 2007, it was estimated that organ trafficking accounts for 5-10% of the kidney transplants performed annually throughout the world. Patients with sufficient resources in need of organs may travel from one country to another to purchase a kidney (or liver) mainly from a poor person… Expand
Ethical Issues and Transplant Tourism
Evidence shows that cross-border trade in organs is not mutually beneficial, exacerbates existing shortages of organs in destination countries, and exploits social vulnerabilities rather than global moral pluralism. Expand
Global initiatives to tackle organ trafficking and transplant tourism
It is suggested that an international legally binding agreement in criminalizing organ trafficking would be a step forward to bring a change in the global picture of organ trafficking and transplant tourism. Expand
The Ethics of Organ Tourism: Role Morality and Organ Transplantation.
  • M. Adams
  • Political Science, Medicine
  • The Journal of medicine and philosophy
  • 2017
Organ tourism occurs when individuals in countries with existing organ transplant procedures, such as the United States, are unable to procure an organ by using those transplant procedures in enoughExpand
Pakistan is a country with low literacy rate therefore increases awareness regarding bioethical issues to articulate considered opinion in implementing laws associated to organ transplantation and put an end to this savage organ trade business. Expand
Transplant Tourism: The Ethics and Regulation of International Markets for Organs
  • I. G. Cohen
  • Sociology, Medicine
  • Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics
  • 2013
This article focuses on the sale of kidneys, the most common subject of transplant tourism, though much of what is said could be applied to other organs as well. Expand
Guest editorial: Organ trafficking and transplant tourism: a call for international collaboration
The thematic issue of the Journal of Medicine, Healthcare and Philosophy is dedicated to the global efforts to combat organ trafficking and transplant tourism and six articles present national and international initiatives, experiences, and legislations to curb unethical practice of organ trafficking. Expand
Organ trafficking and transplant tourism
Organ trafficking is usually considered to involve the recruitment of living persons for the purpose of removing their organs for transplantation by means of coercion, deception, payment, or otherExpand
The Risk of Discrimination and Stigmatization in Organ Transplantation and Trafficking
Missing in the discussion of organ transplantation and trafficking are the perspectives of vulnerable patients as organ recipients and poor people as organ providers, and the discrimination and stigmatization they experience. Expand
Human trafficking for the purpose of organ removal
Since the 1980s, the demand for organs available for transplantation is far outpacing the supply, with kidney transplant waiting lists growing most prominently. Although the buying and selling ofExpand
Medical tourism and organ trafficking
The growth of medical tourism in developing nations has not only helped the local economies but also has assisted patients from the developed world to seek treatment at a lower cost. However, theExpand


Therapeutic Itineraries in a Global World: Yemenis and their search for biomedical treatment abroad
  • B. Kangas
  • Economics, Medicine
  • Medical anthropology
  • 2002
How Yemenis travel to Jordan and other countries for medical reasons is explored, set within a context of increasing globalization, where advances in communication, transportation, and medical devices and procedures all contribute to people's ideas about where to go for medical care. Expand
Checklist: Passport, Plane Ticket, Organ Transplant
  • K. Bramstedt, J. Xu
  • Medicine
  • American journal of transplantation : official journal of the American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons
  • 2007
Some of the safety and ethics issues with active and proposed US medical insurance programs created explicitly to encourage policy holders to travel to a foreign country for the purpose of obtaining a transplant are detailed. Expand
Economic and health consequences of selling a kidney in India.
Among paid donors in India, selling a kidney does not lead to a long-term economic benefit and may be associated with a decline in health, so Physicians and policy makers should reexamine the value of using financial incentives to increase the supply of organs for transplantation. Expand
Iranian kidney donors: motivations and relations with recipients.
All evidence shows that the donor-recipient relationship in Iran is pathological with no similarity to the emotionally related category of transplantation. Expand
A socioeconomic survey of kidney vendors in Pakistan
These impoverished people, many in bondage, are examples of modern day slavery and will remain exploited until law against bondage is implemented and new laws are introduced to ban commerce and transplant tourism in Pakistan. Expand
Improving institutional fairness to live kidney donors: donor needs must be addressed by safeguarding donation risks and compensating donation costs
Based on a systematic analysis of unmet donor needs in developed and developing countries, context‐relative measures to improve institutional fairness to live kidney donors are delineated. Expand
A Report of the Amsterdam Forum On the Care of the Live Kidney Donor: Data and Medical Guidelines
Kidney transplant physicians and surgeons met in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, from April 1–4, 2004 for the International Forum on the Care of the Live Kidney Donor. Forum participants included overExpand
The ethics of poverty and the poverty of ethics: the case of Palestinian prisoners in Israel seeking to sell their kidneys in order to feed their children
  • M. Epstein
  • Medicine, Sociology
  • Journal of Medical Ethics
  • 2007
Bioethical arguments conceal the coercion underlying the choice between poverty and selling ones organs.
Long‐term follow‐up of living kidney donors: a longitudinal study
To analyse retrospectively the general health status and renal and cardiovascular consequences of living‐related kidney donation, as the long‐term effects of unilateral nephrectomy for kidneyExpand
Consequences of living kidney donors in Egypt