Ordinal Linguistic Personification as a Variant of Synesthesia

  title={Ordinal Linguistic Personification as a Variant of Synesthesia},
  author={Julia Simner and Emma Holenstein},
  journal={Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience},
This study examines the principles underlying ordinal linguistic personification (OLP): the involuntary and automatic tendency in certain individuals to attribute animate-like qualities such as personality and gender to sequential linguistic units (e.g., letters, numerals, days, months). This article aims to provide four types of evidence that OLP constitutes a form of synesthesia and is likely to have the same neurodevelopmental basis. We show that (a) OLP significantly co-occurs with other… 
Cross-modal personality attributions in synaesthetes and non-synaesthetes.
Those variants of synaesthesia that trigger colour are well studied, although comparatively less is known about variants that involve cognitive constructs such as personality types. Here we
Synaesthesia: a distinct entity that is an emergent feature of adaptive neurocognitive differences
  • J. Ward
  • Biology, Psychology
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B
  • 2019
It is argued that synaesthesia is not on a continuum with neurotypical cognition, and that there may be multiple ‘normal’ neurodevelopmental trajectories that can sculpt very different ways of experiencing the world, of which synaesthetic is but one.
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This thesis presents six empirical studies to provide evidence for the following facts: that synaesthetic colouring of Chinese characters is a genuine phenomenon in the Chinese population and may affect as many as 1 in 100 Chinese people, with a (non-significant) female-to-male ratio of about 2:1.
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Different subtypes of number–colour synaesthesia are identified and it is proposed that they are caused by hyperconnectivity between colour and number areas at different stages in processing; lower synaesthetes may have cross-wiring (or cross-activation) within the fusiform gyrus, whereas higher synaeste may haveCross-activation in the angular gyrus.
A systematic , large-scale study of synaesthesia : implications for the role of early experience in lexical-colour associations
For individuals with synaesthesia, stimuli in one sensory modality elicit anomalous experiences in another modality. For example, the sound of a particular piano note may be ‘seen’ as a unique
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The first test of synaesthesia prevalence with sampling that does not rely on self-referral, and which uses objective tests to establish genuineness is presented, and it is suggested that female biases reported earlier likely arose from (or were exaggerated by) sex differences in self-disclosure.
A comparison of lexical-gustatory and grapheme-colour synaesthesia
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