Ordering of Quantum Dots Using Genetically Engineered Viruses

@article{Lee2002OrderingOQ,
  title={Ordering of Quantum Dots Using Genetically Engineered Viruses},
  author={Seung-Wuk Lee and Chuanbin Mao and Christine E. Flynn and Angela M. Belcher},
  journal={Science},
  year={2002},
  volume={296},
  pages={892 - 895}
}
A liquid crystal system was used for the fabrication of a highly ordered composite material from genetically engineered M13 bacteriophage and zinc sulfide (ZnS) nanocrystals. The bacteriophage, which formed the basis of the self-ordering system, were selected to have a specific recognition moiety for ZnS crystal surfaces. The bacteriophage were coupled with ZnS solution precursors and spontaneously evolved a self-supporting hybrid film material that was ordered at the nanoscale and at the… 
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