Order Trichoptera Kirby, 1813 (Insecta), Caddisflies*

  title={Order Trichoptera Kirby, 1813 (Insecta), Caddisflies*},
  author={Ralph W. Holzenthal and Roger J. Blahnik and Aysha L. Prather and Karl M. Kjer},
The taxonomy, diversity, and distribution of the aquatic insect order Trichoptera, caddisflies, are reviewed. The order is among the most important and diverse of all aquatic taxa. Larvae are vital participants in aquatic food webs and their presence and relative abundance are used in the biological assessment and monitoring of water quality. The species described by Linnaeus are listed. The morphology of all life history stages (adults, larvae, and pupae) is diagnosed and major features of the… 

Catalog of the Neotropical Trichoptera (Caddisflies)

The Neotropical caddisfly (Trichoptera) fauna is cataloged from a review of over 1,000 literature citations through 2015 to include 3,262 currently recognized, valid species-group names in 25 families and 155 extant genera.

Diversity and Ecosystem Services of Trichoptera

Correlations for the use of angiosperm plant material as food and case construction material by the earliest ancestors of infraorder Plenitentoria—by at least 175 Ma—may provide insight into the timing of the origin ofAngiosperms.

A New Species of Limnephilus (Insecta: Trichoptera: Limnephilidae) from China, with Revision of the Genus Limnephilus on the Chinese Mainland

A new species of the genus Limnephilus was found in China and the adult females, larvae, and pupae of this new species were associated with the adult males based on COI sequencing, and all the life stages except for the egg stage are described and illustrated.

Caddisflies (Trichoptera) of the Buffalo National River, Arkansas

Seriation analysis of caddisfly genera and species showed that most are distributed throughout the entire Buffalo National River but some are restricted to either the upper or lower river or its tributaries.

Larval and female descriptions of Mejicanotrichia Harris & Holzenthal, 1997 (Trichoptera, Hydroptilidae, Leucotrichiinae) from Mexico

This work aims to incorporate more information into the taxonomy of the genus, its ecology, and facilitate additional characters of potential use in future phylogenetic studies.

Molecular association and morphological characterisation of Himalopsyche larval types (Trichoptera, Rhyacophilidae)

Four distinct larval types of Himalopsyche are uncovered, and these are defined as the phryganea type, japonica type, tibetana type, and gigantea type and a comparative morphological characterisation of the larvaltypes is presented.

The identity of Anisocentropus species (Trichoptera: Calamoceratidae) from Nigeria with description of the adult male

The adult of the caddisfly (Trichoptera) family Calamoceratidae is described highlighting some of the adult diagnostic features which are hitherto not known and may be useful for separating species with particular reference to the Afrotropical fauna.

The First Report of the Genera Abaria and Drepanocentron (Trichoptera: Xiphocentronidae) from China, with Descriptions of Two New Species

The specimens in this study provide additional records on the distribution of two genera in China, which are conducive to biological and morphological studies and can also provide molecular data support for further studies.

A new classification of the long-horned caddisflies (Trichoptera: Leptoceridae) based on molecular data

A molecular study of the Leptoceridae family based on sequences from five genes, mitochondrial COI and the four nuclear genes CAD, EF-1α, IDH and POL concluded that most genera and tribes recovered as monophyletic, but with some major differences.



The Caddisfly Family Phryganeidae (Trichoptera)

Several of the atypical morphological and behavioural attributes discussed in this book can be interpreted as plesiomorphic, placing the Phryganeidae in a pivotal position for inferring phylogeny in the Trichoptera.

Larvae of the North American caddisfly genera (Trichoptera)

This revised edition includes advances in knowledge on the classification and biology of Trichoptera up to 1993 - an interval of 17 years since the first edition.

Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Trichoptera

By 1940, the family Sericostomatidae had become an extremely diverse group, containing 8 subfamilies or tribes and many disparate genera, but here and there, certain of these groups have proven to be artificial in the extreme, their components being disparate elements bearing little relationship with each other.

Caddisflies: The Underwater Architects

Caddisflies constitute the insect order Trichoptera in which some 10,000 species are known in the world, including about 1400 in North America. Fossil evidence shows that caddisflies originated in

A taxonomic revision of the subgenus Curgia of the genus Chimarra (Trichoptera: Philopotamidae)

The genus Chimarra, subgenus Curgia Walker, is revised, resulting in 92 species being recognized, of which 52 are described as new, and two species are resurrected from the synonymy of mexicana (Banks).

Phylogeny of caddisflies (Insecta, Trichoptera)

Equally and differentially weighted parsimony analyses were conducted in order to present a phylogeny of Trichoptera, including 43 of 45 families, which closely resembles that proposed by Herbert Ross with respect to the relationships among suborders, with a monophyletic Annulipalpia at the base of the tree, and a clade consisting of Spicipalpia plus a monopyletic IntegripalPia.


A instructive example of the importance of larvae in providing data for the systematics of Trichoptera, Neothremma and Farula are shown to share many synapomorphic larval characters with Uenoa; under close examination, characters of the adults support this relationship.

Associating larvae and adults of Chinese Hydropsychidae caddisflies (Insecta:Trichoptera) using DNA sequences

The study established a procedure for delimiting species boundaries and associating larvae and adults of hydropsychids using DNA sequences and morphological evidence, and ideal sampling strategies for larval–adult association are suggested.

Behavioral homologies are recognized in leptocerine caddisflies (Trichoptera) even though endproduct morphology is different

Detailed descriptions of behavior can yield valuable genealogical information even when behaviors appear superficially different, and four unreversed and 1 reversed behavioral synapomorphies supported the monophyly of the Leptoceridae even though case shape varies among the genera.

The Neotropical caddisfly genus Canoptila (Trichoptera: Glossosomatidae)

There are three possible synapomorphies supporting the monophyly of Canoptila: 1) the presence of long spine-like posterolateral processes on tergum X; 2) the highly membranous digitate parameres on the endotheca; and 3) the unique combination of both forewing and hind wing venational characters.