Orbital apex syndrome.

  title={Orbital apex syndrome.},
  author={Steven Yeh and Rod Foroozan},
  journal={Current opinion in ophthalmology},
  volume={15 6},
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Visual loss from optic neuropathy and ophthalmoplegia involving multiple cranial nerves are the hallmarks of an orbital apex syndrome. Historically, the terms superior orbital fissure, orbital apex, and cavernous sinus have been used to define the anatomic locations of a disease process. However, the diagnostic evaluation and management is similar for each of these entities. The authors reviewed the literature on the diagnosis and evaluation of disorders involving the orbital… CONTINUE READING