Foodborne Listeria monocytogenes (LM) is a cause of serious illness and death in the US. The case-fatality rate of invasive LM infection in the elderly population is >50%. The goal of this study is to establish a murine model of oral LM infection that can be used as a surrogate for human foodborne listeriosis in the geriatric population. Adult C57BL/6 (wild-type, WT) and adult or old IL17R-KO (knock-out) mice were gavaged with a murinized LM strain (Lmo-InlAm) and monitored for body-weight loss and survivability. Tissues were collected and assayed for bacterial burden, histology, and cytokine responses. When compared to WT mice, adult IL17R-KO mice are more susceptible to LM infection and showed increased LM burden and tissue pathology and a higher mortality rate. Older LM-infected KO-mice lost significantly (p < 0.02, ANOVA) more body-weight and had a higher bacterial burden in the liver (p = 0.03) and spleen as compared to adult mice. Uninfected, aged KO-mice showed a higher baseline pro-inflammatory response when compared to uninfected adult-KO mice. After infection, the pro-inflammatory cytokine, IFN-γ, mRNA in the liver was higher in the adult mice as compared to the old mice. The anti-inflammatory cytokine, IL-10, mRNA and regulatory T-cells (CD4+CD25+h or CD4+Foxp3+) cells in the aged mice increased significantly after infection as compared to adult mice. Expression of the T-cell activation marker, CD25 (IL-2Rα) in the aged mice did not increase significantly over baseline. These data suggest that aged IL17R-KO mice can be used as an in vivo model to study oral listeriosis and that aged mice are more susceptible to LM infection due to dysregulation of pro- and anti-inflammatory responses compared to adult mice, resulting in a protracted clearance of the infection.