Oral administration of alpha-ketoisovaleric acid or valine in humans: blood kinetics and biochemical effects.

Abstract

alpha-Ketoisovaleric acid levels increase from 10.6 +/- 0.8 to 121 +/- 20 mumol/L, and valine levels increase from 175 +/- 14 to 940 +/- 50 mumol/L after oral administration of an isomolar (62.5 mg/kg) bolus of alpha-ketoisovaleric acid or valine to healthy human subjects. alpha-Ketoisovaleric acid levels have a different time course relative to valine… (More)

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