Options for keeping the food system within environmental limits

@article{Springmann2018OptionsFK,
  title={Options for keeping the food system within environmental limits},
  author={Marco Springmann and Michael A. Clark and Daniel Mason-D’Croz and Keith Wiebe and Benjamin Leon Bodirsky and Luis Lassaletta and Wim de Vries and Sonja J. Vermeulen and Mario Herrero and Kimberly M. Carlson and Malin Jonell and Max Troell and Fabrice A. J. DeClerck and Line J. Gordon and Rami Zurayk and Peter Scarborough and Mike Rayner and Brent Loken and Jessica C. Fanzo and H. Charles J. Godfray and David Tilman and Johan Rockstr{\"o}m and Walter C. Willett},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2018},
  volume={562},
  pages={519-525}
}
The food system is a major driver of climate change, changes in land use, depletion of freshwater resources, and pollution of aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems through excessive nitrogen and phosphorus inputs. Here we show that between 2010 and 2050, as a result of expected changes in population and income levels, the environmental effects of the food system could increase by 50–90% in the absence of technological changes and dedicated mitigation measures, reaching levels that are beyond the… 

The global nexus of food–trade–water sustaining environmental flows by 2050

In the face of meeting Sustainable Development Goals for the water–food–energy–ecosystems nexus, integrated assessments are a great means to measure the impact of global change on natural resources.

Food systems in a zero-deforestation world: Dietary change is more important than intensification for climate targets in 2050.

The nitrogen footprint of Swedish food consumption

Food systems are major drivers of environmental and health impacts. While the emissions and other pressures causing these impacts mainly occur in primary agricultural production, the deeper causes

Agricultural nutrient budgets in Europe: data, methods, and indicators

Agricultural production systems feed humanity but also cause a range of adverse environmental effects, including climate change, loss of biodiversity, and pollution of air and water. A main cause of

Strategies for Sustainable Substitution of Livestock Meat

In this review, strategies that focus on meat consumption patterns are evaluated from the technological feasibility, environmental impact and consumer acceptance viewpoints.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 88 REFERENCES

Climate Change and Food Systems

Food systems contribute 19%–29% of global anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, releasing 9,800–16,900 megatonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (MtCO2e) in 2008. Agricultural production,

Closing yield gaps through nutrient and water management

A global-scale assessment of intensification prospects from closing ‘yield gaps’, the spatial patterns of agricultural management practices and yield limitation, and the management changes that may be necessary to achieve increased yields finds that global yield variability is heavily controlled by fertilizer use, irrigation and climate.

Rewiring food systems to enhance human health and biosphere stewardship

This analysis uses a social-ecological framework to illustrate how major changes to the volume, nutrition and safety of food systems between 1961 and today impact health and sustainability.

Reactive nitrogen requirements to feed the world in 2050 and potential to mitigate nitrogen pollution.

It is shown by model simulations, that under baseline conditions, Nr pollution in 2050 can be expected to rise to 102-156% of the 2010 value and only under ambitious mitigation, does pollution possibly decrease to 36-76% ofThe 2010 value.

Analysis and valuation of the health and climate change cobenefits of dietary change

It is found that the impacts of dietary changes toward less meat and more plant-based diets vary greatly among regions, and the largest absolute environmental and health benefits result from diet shifts in developing countries whereas Western high-income and middle-income countries gain most in per capita terms.

Global Consequences of Land Use

Global croplands, pastures, plantations, and urban areas have expanded in recent decades, accompanied by large increases in energy, water, and fertilizer consumption, along with considerable losses of biodiversity.

Our Nutrient World: the challenge to produce more food and energy with less pollution.

This report draws attention to the multiple benefits and threats of human nutrient use. It highlights how nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers are estimated to feed half the human population alive
...