Options for keeping the food system within environmental limits

  title={Options for keeping the food system within environmental limits},
  author={Marco Springmann and Michael A. Clark and Daniel Mason-D’Croz and Keith Wiebe and Benjamin Leon Bodirsky and Luis Lassaletta and Wim de Vries and Sonja J. Vermeulen and Mario Herrero and Kimberly M. Carlson and Malin Jonell and Max Troell and Fabrice A. J. DeClerck and Line J. Gordon and Rami Zurayk and Peter Scarborough and Mike Rayner and Brent Loken and Jessica C. Fanzo and H. Charles J. Godfray and David Tilman and Johan Rockstr{\"o}m and Walter C. Willett},
The food system is a major driver of climate change, changes in land use, depletion of freshwater resources, and pollution of aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems through excessive nitrogen and phosphorus inputs. Here we show that between 2010 and 2050, as a result of expected changes in population and income levels, the environmental effects of the food system could increase by 50–90% in the absence of technological changes and dedicated mitigation measures, reaching levels that are beyond the… 

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