Optimizing the charge balance of fluorescent organic light-emitting devices to achieve high external quantum efficiency beyond the conventional upper limit.

Abstract

The external quantum efficiencies (EQEs) of fluorescent light emitting devices are drastically improved by optimizing the charge balance. When N,N'-di(naphthalene-1-yl)- N,N'-diphenylbenzidine (NPD) is used as a hole-transporting layer (HTL) and Alq(3) as an electron-transporting layer (ETL) with the green dopant 2,3,6,7-tetrahydro-1,1,7,7-tetramethyl-1H,5H… (More)
DOI: 10.1002/adma.201104403

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