Optimizing Makespan and Ergonomics in Integrating Collaborative Robots Into Manufacturing Processes

  title={Optimizing Makespan and Ergonomics in Integrating Collaborative Robots Into Manufacturing Processes},
  author={Margaret Pearce and Bilge Mutlu and Julie A. Shah and Robert G. Radwin},
  journal={IEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering},
As collaborative robots begin to appear on factory floors, there is a need to consider how these robots can best help their human partners. In this paper, we propose an optimization framework that generates task assignments and schedules for a human–robot team with the goal of improving both time and ergonomics and demonstrate its use in six real-world manufacturing processes that are currently performed manually. Using the strain index method to quantify human physical stress, we create a set… 

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