Optimization of mass spectrometers using the adaptive particle swarm algorithm.

Abstract

Optimization of mass spectrometers using the adaptive particle swarm algorithm (APSA) is described along with implementations for ion optical simulations and various time-of-flight (TOF) instruments. The need for in situ self optimization is addressed through discussion of the reflectron TOF mass spectrometer (RTOF) on the European Space Agency mission… (More)
DOI: 10.1002/jms.2001

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