Optimization of making barrel-fermented dry muscatel wines.

Abstract

The optimization of making barrel-fermented muscatel wines requires determining what type of must clarification is most suitable for the quality of the wine, as well as what type of barrel will yield the most acceptable wines. This is achieved by adding pectolytic enzymes to clarify part of the muscatel must statically; the rest is clarified by vacuum filtration. The musts obtained are fermented in French and American oak barrels and, once fermentation has ceased, they are kept with their lees for 2 months, with periodic stirring. Eleven conventional parameters and 31 volatile compounds were quantified, and a sensory analysis of the wines was produced, which led us to conclude that static clarification with pectolytic enzymes from the muscatel musts produces the best-structured wines and the larger content of higher alcohols, esters, and terpenic compounds. The wines fermented in American oak barrels received the highest overall marks, which may be due to the greater aromatic complexity given off by the compounds in the wood.

Cite this paper

@article{Aleixandre2003OptimizationOM, title={Optimization of making barrel-fermented dry muscatel wines.}, author={Jose Luis Aleixandre and Angela I Padilla and Luis Lled{\'o} Navarro and Amin Suria and Mar{\'i}a Jos{\'e} Garc{\'i}a and Inmaculada {\'A}lvarez}, journal={Journal of agricultural and food chemistry}, year={2003}, volume={51 7}, pages={1889-93} }