Optimal mate selection in the toad Bufo bufo

Abstract

SEXUAL reproduction can no longer be regarded as a cooperative venture in which males and females are selected to achieve the same goals. The optimal reproductive strategy for a male is often very different from that for a female1,2. We report here that, in the wild, toads (Bufo bufo) do not pair up at random, that this comes about through male–male… (More)
DOI: 10.1038/269056a0

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