The efficacy of a fungicidal preparation, natamycin, for the effective control ofDermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Trouessart), was determined at different concentrations on mattress-dust microsites, including ticking. One treatment with the commercially available natamycin concentration (Tymasil) resulted in a 65% reduction of house-dust mite populations within 4 weeks of treatment. The acaricidal control could be proven despite the protective role of mattress fibres such as ticking. However, mite fecundity was much more affected after treatment with twice the commercial concentration, which then assured a long-term control. Concentrations below the commercially available one were not effective. In a maritime climate, six sequential treatments three times a year would be effective for an adequate long-term control because of the high growth of house-dust fungi and the close interaction between the mite and the mouldAspergillus penicilloides.