Optimal Foraging, Specialization, and a Solution to Liem's Paradox

  title={Optimal Foraging, Specialization, and a Solution to Liem's Paradox},
  author={Beren W. Robinson and David Sloan Wilson},
  journal={The American Naturalist},
  pages={223 - 235}
Species that appear highly specialized on the basis of their phenotype (e.g., morphology, behavior, and physiology) also sometimes act as ecological generalists. This apparent paradox has been used to argue against the importance of competition as a diversifying evolutionary force. We provide an alternative explanation based on optimal foraging theory. Some resources are intrinsically easy to use and are widely preferred, while others require specialized phenotypic traits on the part of the… 
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