Optical Nanofibers: A New Platform for Quantum Optics

  title={Optical Nanofibers: A New Platform for Quantum Optics},
  author={Pablo Solano and Jeffrey A. Grover and Jonathan E. Hoffman and Sylvain Ravets and Fredrik K. Fatemi and Luis A. Orozco and S L Rolston},
  journal={Advances in Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics},
Super-radiance reveals infinite-range dipole interactions through a nanofiber
The first report of infinite-range interactions between macroscopically separated atomic dipoles mediated by an optical waveguide is presented, and super-radiance of a few atoms separated by hundreds of resonant wavelengths is observed.
Composite picosecond control of atomic state through a nanofiber interface
Accurate control of single emitters at nanophotonic interfaces may greatly expand the accessible quantum states of coupled optical spins in the confined geometry and to unveil exotic nonlinear
Dipole force free optical control and cooling of nanofiber trapped atoms.
A dipole force free scheme for coupling of the radial motional states is presented, utilizing the strong intensity gradient of the guided mode and all-optical coupling is demonstrated of the cesium hyperfine ground states and motional sideband transitions.
Generating correlations between photons via interaction with nanofiber-trapped atoms
Generating correlated photons is an outstanding challenge of modern quantum optics owing to the inherently non-interacting nature of photons. Mediating interactions between uncorrelated photons to
Clocked atom delivery to a photonic crystal waveguide
By introducing auxiliary guided-mode (GM) fields that provide spatially varying AC Stark shifts, this work has begun to control atomic trajectories, such as to enhance the flux into the central vacuum gap of the PCW at predetermined times and with knownAC Stark shifts.
Spectral asymmetry of atoms in the van der Waals potential of an optical nanofiber
We measure the modification of the transmission spectra of cold $^{87}\mathrm{Rb}$ atoms in the proximity of an optical nanofiber (ONF). Van der Waals interactions between the atoms an the ONF
Electromagnetically induced transparency at optical nanofiber–cesium vapor interface
Optical nanofiber (ONF) is a special tool for effectively controlling coupling of light and atoms. In this paper, we study the ladder-type electromagnetically induced transparent (EIT) under ultralow
Waveguide-coupled single collective excitation of atomic arrays
Waveguide quantum electrodynamics is used to couple a single collective excitation of an atomic array to a nanoscale waveguide; the excitation is stored and later read out, generating guided single photons on demand.
Large array of Schrödinger cat states facilitated by an optical waveguide
This work uses the waveguide mode of a hollow-core photonic crystal fibre to manipulate the mechanical Fock states of single atoms in a harmonic potential inside the fibre to create a large array of Schrödinger cat states, a key element in quantum information processing and metrology.
Nanotrappy: An open-source versatile package for cold-atom trapping close to nanostructures
Trapping cold neutral atoms in close proximity to nanostructures has raised a large interest in recent years, pushing the frontiers of cavity-QED and boosting the emergence of the waveguideQED field


Optical Interface Based on a Nanofiber Atom-Trap
In this thesis, I present the realization of a fiber-optical interface using optically trapped cesium atoms, which is an efficient tool for coupling light and atoms. The basic principle of the
Interaction of laser-cooled 87 Rb atoms with higher order modes of an optical nanofibre
Optical nanofibres are used to confine light to sub-wavelength regions and are very promising tools for the development of optical fibre-based quantum networks using cold, neutral atoms. To date,
Dispersive response of atoms trapped near the surface of an optical nanofiber with applications to quantum nondemolition measurement and spin squeezing
We study the strong coupling between photons and atoms that can be achieved in an optical nanofiber geometry when the interaction is dispersive. While the Purcell enhancement factor for spontaneous
Atom-trapping and photon-counting experiments with optical nanofibers
Title of dissertation: ATOM-TRAPPING AND PHOTON-COUNTING EXPERIMENTS WITH OPTICAL NANOFIBERS Jeffrey Aaron Grover, Doctor of Philosophy, 2015 Dissertation directed by: Professor Luis A. Orozco
Multi-level cascaded electromagnetically induced transparency in cold atoms using an optical nanofibre interface
Ultrathin optical fibres integrated into cold atom setups are proving to be ideal building blocks for atom-photon hybrid quantum networks. Such optical nanofibres (ONF) can be used for the
Optical diode based on the chirality of guided photons
Photons are nonchiral particles: their handedness can be both left and right. However, when light is transversely confined, it can locally exhibit a transverse spin whose orientation is fixed by the
Modal interference in optical nanofibers for sub-Angstrom radius sensitivity
Optical nanofibers (ONFs) of sub-wavelength dimensions confine light in modes with a strong evanescent field that can trap, probe, and manipulate nearby quantum systems. To measure the evanescent
Atom-light interactions in photonic crystals.
The development of a novel integrated optical circuit with a photonic crystal capable of both localizing and interfacing atoms with guided photons that is unprecedented in all current atom-photon interfaces is reported.
Rayleigh scattering in an optical nanofiber as a probe of higher-order mode propagation
Optical nanofibers provide a rich platform for exploring atomic and optical phenomena even when they support only a single spatial mode. Nanofibers supporting higher-order modes provide additional
Chiral quantum optics
E engineered directional photonic reservoirs could lead to the development of complex quantum networks that, for example, could simulate novel classes of quantum many-body systems.