Louis Ignarro: NO stupid questions. Interview by Ruth Williams.
- Louis Ignaro
- Circulation research
The effects of acetylcholine chloride and isoproterenol on myocardiial cyclic GMP, cyclic AMP and on isometric tension were studied in isolated electrically driven rabbit atria. Acetylcholine (0.5 muM) produced a significant decrease in isometric force that was associated with a significant elevation in atrial cyclic GMP. Cyclic AMP was significantly lowered at 15 seconds after the addition of acetylcholine, but was only slightly decreased at earlier time periods. Both the negative inotropic action and increase in cyclic GMP after addition of acetylcholine were blocked by atropine. Isoproterenol (0.1 muM) produced a significant increase in isometric tension that was associated with a significant elevation in atrial cyclic AMP levels, whereas cyclic GMP levels were not changed. These effects were blocked by practolol. The increases in atrial cyclic GMP and cyclic AMP following addition of acetylcholine and isoproterenol, respectively, preceded the changes in isometric tension in response to these agents. These data support the hypothesis that changes in intracellular levels of cyclic AMP and cyclic GMP may mediate the positive and negative inotropic effects of adrenergic and cholinergic agents.