Neurons with colocalized cholecystokinin and dopamine are present predominantly in the ventral tegmental area and project mainly to the caudal part of the medial nucleus accumbens. The activity of this dopamine system can be evaluated by means of the intracranial self-stimulation behavior on male Wistar rats having chronic electrodes implanted into the medial forebrain bundle in the postero-lateral area of the hypothalamus. The direct injection of 150 pmol CCK-8 into the medio-caudal accumbens induced an increase of intracranial self stimulation while a similar administration into its rostral portion produced a slight decrease of intracranial self-stimulation. The administration of 300 pmol CCK-4 into the same medio-caudal part of the accumbens produced an inhibitory action on intracranial self stimulation lasting for 25 min. The injection of 70 to 1300 pmol CCK-4 into the cerebral ventricles produced no change on intracranial self-stimulation. The intracerebroventricular injection of 70 pmol CCK-8 induced a large decrease of intracranial self-stimulation lasting for 20 min. Sodium chloride 0.15 M or unsulphated CCK-8 injection were without effect in either case. These results support the ideas that intracerebroventricular CCK-8 injection inhibits accumbens dopaminergic activity but that CCK-8 injection into the medio-caudal part of the accumbens, where nerve terminals with colocalized CCK and DA are present, facilitates this dopaminergic activity. In addition at the level of medio-caudal accumbens, CCK-8 and CCK-4 have opposite effects.