Opposite Ends of the Same Stick? Multi-Method Test of the Dimensionality of Individualism and Collectivism

  title={Opposite Ends of the Same Stick? Multi-Method Test of the Dimensionality of Individualism and Collectivism},
  author={Vas Taras and Riikka M. Sarala and Paul M. Muchinsky and Markus Kemmelmeier and Theodore M. Singelis and Andreja Avsec and Heather M. Coon and Dale L. Dinnel and Wendi L. Gardner and Sherry L. Grace and Erin E. Hardin and Sandy Hsu and Joel T. Johnson and Zahide Karakitapoğlu Ayg{\"u}n and Emiko S. Kashima and Arnulf Kolstad and Taciano L. Milfont and John G. Oetzel and Sumie Okazaki and Tahira M Probst and Toru Sato and Maggie Shafiro and Seth J. Schwartz and H. Colleen Sinclair},
  journal={Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology},
  pages={213 - 245}
The construct of individualism–collectivism (IND-COL) has become the definitive standard in cross-cultural psychology, management, and related fields. It is also among the most controversial, in particular, with regard to the ambiguity of its dimensionality: Some view IND and COL as the opposites of a single continuum, whereas others argue that the two are independent constructs. We explored the issue through seven different tests using original individual-level data from 50 studies and meta… Expand
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