Opportunity Organizations and Threat‐Induced Contention: Protest Waves in Authoritarian Settings1

@article{Almeida2003OpportunityOA,
  title={Opportunity Organizations and Threat‐Induced Contention: Protest Waves in Authoritarian Settings1},
  author={Paul Almeida},
  journal={American Journal of Sociology},
  year={2003},
  volume={109},
  pages={345 - 400}
}
  • P. Almeida
  • Published 1 September 2003
  • Political Science
  • American Journal of Sociology
The article combines two strands of political process theory (opportunity and threat) in a changing authoritarian context. Through the use of protest event, archival, and secondary sources on El Salvador between 1962 and 1981, the study examines the outbreak and forms of two protest waves that are generated by the temporal sequencing of political opportunity and threat environments. The specific opportunities of institutional access and competitive elections motivate regime challengers to form… 
Mobilization and Threat: Campaigns against Welfare Privatization in Four Cities
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Although episodes of contentious politics in undemocratic regimes constitute the lion's share of contentious political events worldwide, the theorizing of political opportunity structures is based
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Why do some authoritarian governments respond beneficently to political protest while others opt for repression? This article argues that beneficent government responses in the form of concessions or
Repressive Coverage in an Authoritarian Context: Threat, Weakness, and Legitimacy in South Korea's Democracy Movement
While most studies of the repression-mobilization relationship have focused on the impact of the former on the latter, recent work has shown that characteristics of protest can influence state
From Violence to Mobilization: Women, War, and Threat in Rwanda*
  • M. Berry
  • Political Science, Sociology
  • 2015
Theories of social movement emergence posit “threat” as an important concept in explanations of mobilization. This article uses the case of the 1994 Rwandan genocide to investigate whether threats
Opportunity, Threat, and Tactics: Collaboration and Confrontation by Latino Immigrant Challengers
Abstract Drawing on 61 interviews with Mexican immigrants and ethnographic participant observation conducted over three years, I compare social movement organizing in two cities in one California
Bureaucracy, Power, and Threat: Unions and Strikes in The United States, 1990-2001
The bureaucratization of many social movements has generated controversy among scholars and activists alike. While there is considerable evidence that formalized social movement organizations (SMOs)
After a Cycle of Contention: Post-Gothenburg Strategies of Left-Libertarian Activists in Sweden
This article considers the strategic choices that radical activists face when a cycle of contention ends. It investigates the reorientation of the autonomous anarchists or left-libertarian activist
Contested Legitimacies
  • J. Grimm
  • Political Science, Sociology
  • 2022
Since the military overthrow of President Mursi in mid-2013, Egypt has witnessed an authoritarian rollback. Through a combination of repression and nationalist securitizing discourses, popular
Playing by the Informal Rules
Growing protests in non-democratic countries are often seen as signals of regime decline. China, however, has remained stable amid surging protests. Playing by the Informal Rules highlights the
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