Opioids for nonmalignant pain.

  title={Opioids for nonmalignant pain.},
  author={Warren A. Katz},
  journal={Rheumatic diseases clinics of North America},
  volume={34 2},
Pain is the most common symptom in the world for which patients seek professional help. Opioids offer an appropriate and safe treatment for some but not all patients with nonmalignant chronic pain. Potential risks, including drug abuse and intolerable side effects, appear to be manageable or even preventable in most cases. Patients with persistent rheumatic pain who have failed traditional treatments should be considered for long-acting opioids. Opioids are best administered in the framework of… CONTINUE READING