Opioid sparing effect of epidural levobupivacaine on postoperative pain treatment in major spinal surgery.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Continuous epidural administration of a local anesthetic drug for postoperative pain treatment of patients, who undergo a fusion operation of lumbar vertebrae is limited by the suction of wound drainage. The effect of the single epidural administration of levobupivacaine 0.25% 10 mL 20 minutes before finishing of skin closure was… (More)

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