Opioid Abuse in Chronic Pain--Misconceptions and Mitigation Strategies.

@article{Volkow2016OpioidAI,
  title={Opioid Abuse in Chronic Pain--Misconceptions and Mitigation Strategies.},
  author={Nora D. Volkow and A. Thomas Mclellan},
  journal={The New England journal of medicine},
  year={2016},
  volume={374 13},
  pages={
          1253-63
        }
}
Chronic pain not caused by cancer is among the most prevalent and debilitating medical conditions but also among the most controversial and complex to manage. The urgency of patients’ needs, the demonstrated effectiveness of opioid analgesics for the management of acute pain, and the limited therapeutic alternatives for chronic pain have combined to produce an overreliance on opioid medications in the United States, with associated alarming increases in diversion, overdose, and addiction. Given… Expand
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