Ophthalmic features of Turner's syndrome

@article{Denniston2004OphthalmicFO,
  title={Ophthalmic features of Turner's syndrome},
  author={Alastair K. O. Denniston and L. Butler},
  journal={Eye},
  year={2004},
  volume={18},
  pages={680-684}
}
AbstractTurner's syndrome is one of the most common of all chromosomal abnormalities and is associated with significant ophthalmic morbidity. Turner's 1938 account included two patients with strabismus, and hitherto the condition has generated more interest among orthoptists than ophthalmologists. This systematic review of the literature seeks to redress the balance. Based on the pooled data of 274 patients with Turner's syndrome, it is the most complete evaluation so far of the prevalence and… 
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References

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TLDR
In this series, an association of keratoconus with Turner's syndrome is identified and a careful ocular examination in this condition with attention to ocular features of Turner's Syndrome is important.
Ocular manifestations of Turner's syndrome.
TLDR
Describing a syndrome of infantilism, congenital webbed neck, and cubitus valgus, which has come to be known as Turner's syndrome, is described and classified ophthalmic features are presented.
Ocular manifestations of Turner's syndrome.
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TLDR
In a series of 24 patients with Turner's syndrome, amblyopia was found to be present in ten patients, strabismus in nine, hypermetropia in ten, and bilateral epicanthus in eleven cases, with classified ophthalmic features.
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TLDR
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TLDR
It is suggested that Turner syndrome mosaicism (where there are two abnormal cell lines) is associated with anterior segment dysgenesis and the presence of two or more genetically different cell lines may have an adverse effect on anterior segment development.
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TLDR
Findings from a nationwide survey of the ocular condition in 177 Turner syndrome females included: ametropia, heterotropia, ptosis, nystagmus, photophobia, convergence insufficiency, and one subject had an atypical Marcus Gunn syndrome.
Pregnancy in patients with Turner's syndrome: six new cases and review of literature.
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TLDR
This study suggests that the rare TS patients who are able to procreate should undergo prenatal diagnosis techniques and in sterile TS patients the use of artificial fertilization techniques is a possible solution.
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