Operative complications and the management of intraoperative flow failure.


Free flap flow failure can be either that of an artery and/or vein(s). One approach is to ascertain precisely which vessel(s) is compromised, then figure out whether the problem is on the patient's side or the flap side or at the anastomosis itself. A well perfused patient can minimize a patient-side problem. An anastomotic problem can be revised with or… (More)


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