Operationalizing the Section 5 Retrogression Standard of the Voting Rights Act in the Light of Georgia v . Ashcroft : Social Science Perspectives on Minority Influence , Opportunity and Control

IN GEORGIA V. ASHCROFT, 539 U. S. 461 (2003), by a 5-4 vote, the Supreme Court laid down a new interpretation of the meaning of the retrogression standard in Section 5 of the Voting Rights Act. Justice O’Connor’s majority opinion replaces the exclusive focus in earlier Section 5 jurisprudence on reduction in the realistic opportunity of minority voters1 to… (More)