Appropriate evolutionary algorithm for scheduling in FMS
In order to adapt to a rapid changes of manufacturing orders, flexible manufacturing systems (FMS) advances into the direction that machines become further versatile functionally and that tools are controlled by fast tool delivery device. Versatile machine can perform a variety of operations when it is supplied with the required tools. Tool management is among the essential elements in the successful operation of the FMS studied in this research. In this research, we propose an integrated model that performs operation sequence and tool selection simultaneously into the direction that minimizes tool waiting time when the tool is absent. The effectiveness of the model is demonstrated through a series of simulation experiments, and interpretations of the results are also presented. q 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.