Operant Conditioning of Primate Prefrontal Neurons

  title={Operant Conditioning of Primate Prefrontal Neurons},
  author={Shunsuke Kobayashi and Wolfram Schultz and Masamichi Sakagami},
  journal={Journal of Neurophysiology},
  pages={1843 - 1855}
An operant is a behavioral act that has an impact on the environment to produce an outcome, constituting an important component of voluntary behavior. Because the environment can be volatile, the same action may cause different consequences. Thus to obtain an optimal outcome, it is crucial to detect action–outcome relationships and adapt the behavior accordingly. Although prefrontal neurons are known to change activity depending on expected reward, it remains unknown whether prefrontal activity… 

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